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Scuba Diving Is Not Associated With High Prevalence of Headache: A Cross-Sectional Study in Men.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21906053     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Objective.- To study the prevalence of cephalalgia in male divers. Background.- Scuba divers work in stressing environments and have a high cerebrovascular risk, both conditions which are supposed to contribute to the genesis of cephalalgia. However, no study assessed expressly the prevalence of cephalalgia in divers, to date. Methods.- We enrolled 201 professional male scuba divers (41.0 ± 7.2 years) and controls (41.1 ± 7.2 years), and the risk ratio and its corresponding 95% confidence of suffering from cephalalgia was calculated. Results.- We found that 16% of divers and 22% of matched controls were affected by cephalalgia (P > .05), accounting for a risk ratio of 0.71 (95% CI 0.47-1.07). Divers reported fewer attacks per month (1.8 ± 0.7, n = 32) with regard to controls (2.5 ± 1.8, n = 45) (P = .02), but no differences concerning age at onset and severity were detected (P > .05). Divers suffered from migraine, migraine with aura and tension headache as much as controls. Conclusion.- Scuba diving, an intense physical activity characterized by cerebral micro-vascular distress, is not associated with cephalalgia, as a whole, or migraine, tension headache or migraine with aura, more commonly than in a matched, non-diving, population. A longitudinal study may disclose if diving may act as a protective factor in the occurrence of crises of cephalalgia.
Roberto Di Fabio; Nicola Vanacore; Chiara Davassi; Mariano Serrao; Francesco Pierelli
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-9-10
Journal Detail:
Title:  Headache     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1526-4610     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-9-12     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985091R     Medline TA:  Headache     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 American Headache Society.
From Department of Medico-Surgical Sciences and Biotechnologies, "Sapienza" University of Rome, Latina, Italy (R. Di Fabio, C. Davassi, M. Serrao, and F. Pierelli); National Centre of Epidemiology, National Health Institute, Rome, Italy (N. Vanacore); Istituto Neurologico Mediterraneo Neuromed IRCCS, Centre for the Study of Adaptive Disorder and Headache, Pozzilli, Italy (F. Pierelli).
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