Document Detail


Scripts and medical diagnostic knowledge: theory and applications for clinical reasoning instruction and research.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10693854     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Medical diagnosis is a categorization task that allows physicians to make predictions about features of clinical situations and to determine appropriate course of action. The script concept, which first arose in cognitive psychology, provides a theoretical framework to explain how medical diagnostic knowledge can be structured for diagnostic problem solving. The main characteristics of the script concept are pre-stored knowledge, values acceptable or not acceptable for each illness attribute, and default values. Scripts are networks of knowledge adapted to goals of clinical tasks. The authors describe how scripts are used in diagnostic tasks, how the script concept fits within the clinical reasoning literature, how it contrasts with competing theories of clinical reasoning, how educators can help students build and refine scripts, and how scripts can be used to assess clinical competence.
Authors:
B Charlin; J Tardif; H P Boshuizen
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Academic medicine : journal of the Association of American Medical Colleges     Volume:  75     ISSN:  1040-2446     ISO Abbreviation:  Acad Med     Publication Date:  2000 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-03-27     Completed Date:  2000-03-27     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8904605     Medline TA:  Acad Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  182-90     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Medicine, University of Montreal, Quebec, Canada. charlinb@meddir.umontreal.ca
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Diagnosis*
Education, Medical*
Humans
Logic*
Research
Teaching / methods
Thinking

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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