Document Detail


Script generation and the dysexecutive syndrome in patients with brain injury.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21902459     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: The authors investigated whether patients with brain injury suffering from dysexecutive symptoms had difficulties with script generation.
METHOD: Forty-eight patients with brain injury of various etiology with complaints of executive dysfunctioning and deficient scores on executive tests were included in this study. They were compared with 99 healthy control subjects in a script-generation task. Participants were asked to describe how they would perform eight everyday activities. The script items were manipulated so that they varied in structure (open-ended vs. closed) and in frequency of performing (high vs. low).
RESULTS: Patients and control subjects evoked an equal number of actions, but patientsproduced significantly more irrelevant actions and made significantly more perseverative errors. Their most pronounced problems were found in open-ended and low-frequency scripts.
CONCLUSION: This investigation shows that not only patients with prefrontal damage are impaired in script generation. The consequences for treatment are discussed.
Authors:
Danielle H E Boelen; Philippe Allain; Jacoba M Spikman; Luciano Fasotti
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Brain injury     Volume:  25     ISSN:  1362-301X     ISO Abbreviation:  Brain Inj     Publication Date:  2011  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-09-09     Completed Date:  2011-12-01     Revised Date:  2014-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8710358     Medline TA:  Brain Inj     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1091-100     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Activities of Daily Living*
Brain Injuries / physiopathology*,  psychology,  rehabilitation
Concept Formation*
Executive Function*
Frontal Lobe / physiopathology*
Humans
Male
Middle Aged
Neuropsychological Tests
Semantics*
Task Performance and Analysis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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