Document Detail

Screening preharvest/postharvest strategies to prevent fruit rot decay.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  18396828     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
In fruit growing preharvest sprayings in the orchard are mainly applied to protect fruit from decaying. Next to multisite fungicides (captan, thiram, tolylfluanid) the most commonly used products recognized for the Belgium market are Bellis (pyraclostrobin & boscalid) and the combination of Topsin M (thiophanate-methyl) and Frugico (diethofencarb). In general the spraying schedule varies depending on weather conditions (infection risk), preharvest interval of available fungicides, fruitgrower and cultivar of pome fruit (apple/pear). Facing the climatological conditions before picking the residue loading on the fruit surface can differ enormously. Also wet (pre)grading is considered to decrease the product residue resulting to fruits which are less protected before entering the cold storage room. In this context a partially replacement of the preharvest treatments by one postharvest application could offer a reliable alternative to the PPP reduction program (Plant Protection Products) in the orchard. A standardized application method by dipping or drenching will cover the fruits homogenically resulting in a rationalized fungicide use compared to the preharvest sprayings in the orchard. For the Belgium market Philabuster (imazalil & pyrimethanil) is registered for postharvest treatments since for this product a proper solution for the waste water of postharvest uses was developed to protect surface waters (Funds technology). Philabuster provides an advanced mould control towards fruit rot pathogens Gloeosporium spp., Botrytis cinerea and Penicillium spp. In this context several trials were set up to evaluate the biological efficacy of Philabuster alone or in combination with preharvest sprayings in the orchard. In concrete different preharvest spraying schedules were applied in the last six weeks before harvest on apple and pear facing parameters as rational fungicide use, antifungal effectiveness and cost price. The purpose was to select the optimal combination in use of preharvest fungicides with Philabuster as postharvest treatment, which offer full protection towards all key pathogens in apple and pear.
B Vorstermans; P Creemers
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Communications in agricultural and applied biological sciences     Volume:  72     ISSN:  1379-1176     ISO Abbreviation:  Commun. Agric. Appl. Biol. Sci.     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-04-09     Completed Date:  2008-06-02     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101200320     Medline TA:  Commun Agric Appl Biol Sci     Country:  Belgium    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  909-15     Citation Subset:  IM    
Proefcentrum Fruitteelt v.z.w., De Brede Akker 13, BE-3800 St-Truiden, Belgium.
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MeSH Terms
Botrytis / drug effects,  growth & development
Colony Count, Microbial
Consumer Product Safety
Food Preservation / instrumentation*,  methods*
Fruit / microbiology*,  standards
Fungicides, Industrial / pharmacology*
Imidazoles / pharmacology
Malus / microbiology*
Penicillium / drug effects,  growth & development
Pesticide Residues / adverse effects,  analysis
Pyrimidines / pharmacology
Pyrus / microbiology*
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Fungicides, Industrial; 0/Imidazoles; 0/Pesticide Residues; 0/Pyrimidines; 35554-44-0/imazalil; 53112-28-0/pyrimethanil

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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