Document Detail

Screening rules for determining blood pressure status in clinical trials. Application to the trials of hypertension prevention.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  8333415     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Multistage blood pressure screening rules are often used to select subjects for clinical trials. Multiple blood pressure readings are taken over successive visits, and the subject must meet eligibility criteria at each visit. In this paper, the authors present methods which depend on the distribution of the subject's underlying blood pressure values (the predictive value approach) or, alternatively, the subject's observed mean over all screening visits (the empirical predictive value approach) given the observed mean after one or more visits. The authors apply these methods to data from Phase I of the Trials of Hypertension Prevention, which attempts to identify subjects with mean diastolic blood pressures in the range 80-89 mmHg over three screening visits. The estimated efficiency of these rules is evaluated in terms of the number of clinic screening visits needed per eligible subject. Relative to reexamining all subjects at each visit (no screening), these approaches can reduce the number of visits required by 27%. This is in contrast to the standard rule in which a subject must have an observed mean diastolic blood pressure of 80-89 mmHg on each of three consecutive visits, which requires twice as many clinic visits per eligible subject as not screening. Thus, the approach presented is useful in identifying eligible subjects for clinical trials in an efficient manner.
N R Cook; B A Rosner
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Clinical Trial, Phase I; Journal Article; Multicenter Study; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of epidemiology     Volume:  137     ISSN:  0002-9262     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Epidemiol.     Publication Date:  1993 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1993-08-19     Completed Date:  1993-08-19     Revised Date:  2007-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7910653     Medline TA:  Am J Epidemiol     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1341-52     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Medicine, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA 02215.
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MeSH Terms
Analysis of Variance
Blood Pressure Determination*
Clinical Trials, Phase I as Topic / methods*
Computer Simulation
Cost-Benefit Analysis
Hypertension / diagnosis*
Mass Screening / economics,  methods*
Middle Aged
Models, Statistical
Predictive Value of Tests
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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