Document Detail


Screening for the risk of job loss in multiple sclerosis: development of an MS-pecific Work Instability Scale (MS-WIS).
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22041093     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Background: Multiple Sclerosis (MS) mainly presents amongst those of working age. Depending upon the type of MS, many people embark upon a long period of managing their day-to-day work-related needs in the face of intermittent and sometimes persistent disabling symptoms. The objective of this study was to explore the concept of work instability (WI) following the onset of MS and develop a Work Instability Scale (WIS) specific to this population. Method: WI amongst those with MS in work was explored through qualitative interviews which were then used to generate items for a WIS. Rasch analysis was used to refine the scaling properties of the MS-WIS, which was then validated against expert vocational assessment by occupational health physiotherapists and ergonomists. Results: The resulting measure is a 22-item, self-administered scale which can be scored in three bands indicating low, medium and high risk of WI (job retention) problems. The scale meets modern psychometric requirements for measurement, indicated by adequate fit to the Rasch model with absence of local dependency and differential item functioning (DIF) by age, gender and hours worked. Conclusions: The scale presents an opportunity in routine clinical practice to take positive action to reduce sickness absence and prevent job loss.
Authors:
Estelle McFadden; Mike C Horton; Helen L Ford; Gill Gilworth; Majella McFadden; Alan Tennant
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-31
Journal Detail:
Title:  Multiple sclerosis (Houndmills, Basingstoke, England)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1477-0970     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-11-1     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9509185     Medline TA:  Mult Scler     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Bowling Hall Medical Practice, Bradford, UK.
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