Document Detail


Screening for noncompliance among patients with hypertension: is self-report the best available measure?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  7311638     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The substantial prevalence of noncompliance with drugs in populations of patients with treated hypertension suggests that a reliable, clinically applicable screening test for this behavior is needed. Among employed white males, patient response to a nonjudgmental clinician inquiry has been reported to be highly predictive of noncompliance when positive but relatively insensitive (40 per cent). We assessed the performance of patient self-report in a demographically different population and confirmed the generalizability of prior observations. A compound decision rule combining blood pressure and verbal inquiry observations, however, had higher sensitivity (83 per cent) for noncompliance in our population than self-report alone (55 per cent) and could be considered for use when the prevalence of noncompliance among uncontrolled hypertensives is sufficiently high. Because 40 per cent of well-controlled hypertensives in our test population were noncompliant by pill-count, a question is raised regarding the need for "stepping down" drug therapy in some individuals under treatment for high blood pressure.
Authors:
T S Inui; W B Carter; R E Pecoraro
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medical care     Volume:  19     ISSN:  0025-7079     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Care     Publication Date:  1981 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1982-02-12     Completed Date:  1982-02-12     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0230027     Medline TA:  Med Care     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1061-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Female
Humans
Hypertension / drug therapy*
Male
Methods
Middle Aged
Patient Compliance*
Questionnaires
Self Administration / psychology
Socioeconomic Factors

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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