Document Detail


Screening for disinhibited disorder cases in a college population: Performance of the SMAST, DAST, SCID-II-Q, and PDQ-4.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19086758     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Psychiatric disorders characterized by disinhibition--substance use disorders, antisocial personality disorder (PD), and borderline PD--represent a serious risk to the safety and health of college students. The ability of researchers and clinicians to identify students most at risk for disinhibited disorders associated with campus crime, violence, and self-harm depends on measures with strong evidence of diagnostic efficiency, yet data on the diagnostic efficiency of screening measures in college populations are lacking. The authors addressed this need by examining the diagnostic efficiency of commonly used screening measures for disinhibited disorders in a sample of 2,085 students, 79 of whom also completed diagnostic interviews. Results suggest that the diagnostic efficiency (e.g., sensitivity, specificity) of screening measures for substance use disorders and antisocial PD in college samples can be increased by making simple adjustments in screening cutoff criteria. Similar adjustments did not increase the diagnostic efficiency of the screening measure for borderline PD, and this suggested that certain screeners may best be aimed at ruling out disorders. This type of information offers users flexibility with which to tailor the screening threshold to serve different objectives.
Authors:
Jeanette Taylor; Lisa M James; Leonardo Bobadilla; Mark D Reeves
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Validation Studies    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Psychological assessment     Volume:  20     ISSN:  1040-3590     ISO Abbreviation:  Psychol Assess     Publication Date:  2008 Dec 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2008-12-17     Completed Date:  2009-02-17     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8915253     Medline TA:  Psychol Assess     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  351-60     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2008 APA, all rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Florida State University, Tallahassee, FL 32306-4301, USA. taylor@psy.fsu.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Antisocial Personality Disorder / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Borderline Personality Disorder / diagnosis*,  epidemiology*
Diagnosis, Differential
Female
Humans
Male
Mass Screening / methods*
Questionnaires*
Reproducibility of Results
Students / statistics & numerical data*
Universities / statistics & numerical data*
Young Adult

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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