Document Detail

Screening for auditory dysfunction in high risk neonates.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3491749     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Brainstem auditory evoked responses were recorded in 117 pre-term and 71 full-term infants from the general population of infants born at a referral obstetric unit. The threshold intensity required to evoke a reliable BAER was determined at different post-menstrual ages (PMAs) and in many cases at follow-up clinics. The BAER thresholds for 12 infants born and tested at less than 31 wk PMA were all greater than or equal to 50 dBHL. Sixty-two low-gestational-age infants who were tested between 31 and 36 wk PMA had BAER thresholds between less than or equal to 30 dBHL and greater than or equal to 80 dBHL. The majority of pre-term and term infants tested at term equivalent age had BAER thresholds less than or equal to 30 dBHL. Longitudinal studies also indicated that BAER thresholds can decline rapidly during the pre-term period. Follow-up studies showed that those pre-term and term infants with BAER thresholds less than or equal to 30 dBHL had normal auditory thresholds as determined using conventional behavioural testing at 4 or more months of age. Of those infants with BAER thresholds greater than or equal to 40 dBHL at the time of discharge or at term equivalent age, 67% (n = 16) were confirmed later as having a moderate to profound hearing deficit. The remaining 8 infants in this group had had BAER thresholds at term of 40 or 50 dBHL and had normal BAER and behavioural thresholds at follow-up. The cross-sectional and longitudinal data indicate that the majority of low-gestational-age infants who are at risk of hearing deficit achieve BAER thresholds less than or equal to 30 dBHL by term equivalent age. We recommend that auditory screening of infants in this group is best performed at the time of discharge from hospital or at term equivalent age, whichever is the later. Those infants with thresholds greater than or equal to 40 dBHL at that time should be encouraged to attend follow-up testing and, if high thresholds persist, they should then be referred on for behavioural testing and assessment for habilitative support.
A G Pettigrew; D A Edwards; D J Henderson-Smart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Early human development     Volume:  14     ISSN:  0378-3782     ISO Abbreviation:  Early Hum. Dev.     Publication Date:  1986 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1987-02-13     Completed Date:  1987-02-13     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7708381     Medline TA:  Early Hum Dev     Country:  NETHERLANDS    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  109-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
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MeSH Terms
Audiometry, Evoked Response
Auditory Threshold
Cross-Sectional Studies
Hearing Disorders / congenital*
Infant, Newborn
Infant, Premature, Diseases / diagnosis*
Longitudinal Studies
Mass Screening
Retrospective Studies

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