Document Detail


Screening and intervention for domestic violence during pregnancy care: a systematic review.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20688785     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Domestic violence (DV) against women during pregnancy affects many women and unborn infants worldwide. Pregnancy presents a window of opportunity for health care providers to identify DV and provide appropriate intervention. The aim of this systematic review was to appraise the effectiveness of DV screening and interventions for women identified for DV through screening in pregnancy. The Cochrane Library, EMBASE, MEDLINE, and PsycINFO were searched from January 1995 to November 2009 to identify potentially relevant studies. Studies using any comparative methodology from both national and international arenas were included but had to be in the English language. Nine studies (13 references) met the inclusion criteria, five for screening and four for interventions. Of the five screening studies, the identification of DV was significantly higher compared to studies that used a nonstandardized screen or no screen at all. There was also evidence that recurrent screening throughout the pregnancy further increased identification rates. There was some evidence that interventions for pregnant women who had experienced DV reduced the amount of violence experienced by these women, but the evidence is very limited by the small number of randomized studies with small participant numbers. Further research is required to establish the most effective interventions for women who are identified at risk of DV during pregnancy.
Authors:
Rebecca O'Reilly; Barbara Beale; Donna Gillies
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review     Date:  2010-08-05
Journal Detail:
Title:  Trauma, violence & abuse     Volume:  11     ISSN:  1552-8324     ISO Abbreviation:  Trauma Violence Abuse     Publication Date:  2010 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-09-08     Completed Date:  2011-01-04     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100890578     Medline TA:  Trauma Violence Abuse     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  190-201     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
School of Nursing and Midwifery, University of Western Sydney (UWS), Penrith South, DC1797, USA. re.oreilly@uws.edu.au
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attitude to Health
Battered Women / psychology
Female
Health Status
Humans
Interpersonal Relations
Mass Screening / methods*
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications / diagnosis,  prevention & control*
Pregnancy, High-Risk / psychology
Pregnant Women / psychology
Prenatal Care / methods*
Socioeconomic Factors
Spouse Abuse / diagnosis*,  prevention & control*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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