Document Detail


Screening for group B streptococcus: a private hospital's experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20689734     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of universal screening and administration of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis to prevent early-onset neonatal GBS sepsis at a private tertiary care hospital since issuance of the 2002 CDC guidelines for preventing perinatal GBS disease.
METHODS: Retrospective analysis of women delivering between January 1, 2003 and December 31, 2004 at a private tertiary care hospital in Houston, Texas. The percentage of women screened, GBS positive women receiving intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis, and infants developing early-onset GBS sepsis were determined.
RESULTS: 2,108 women delivered 2,135 infants with 1,874 (89%) screened for GBS. Of those screened, 1,322 (71%) tested negative and 552 (29%) tested positive for GBS. In this analysis of 2,135 infants, 3 (0.94 cases/1,000 live births) were diagnosed with invasive GBS sepsis.
CONCLUSION: High rates of screening of pregnant women for GBS colonization and use of intrapartum antibiotic prophylaxis for GBS carriers can be achieved in a private tertiary care hospital setting. "Synopsis: High screening rates for group B streptococcus in a private tertiary care hospital reduce the incidence of maternal and early onset neonatal GBS infection."
Authors:
Sebastian Faro; Brenda Brehm; Frances Smith; Melanie Mouzoon; Anthony Greisinger; Oscar Wehmanen; Mark A Turrentine
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2010-06-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Infectious diseases in obstetrics and gynecology     Volume:  2010     ISSN:  1098-0997     ISO Abbreviation:  Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol     Publication Date:  2010  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-08-06     Completed Date:  2010-11-15     Revised Date:  2013-05-29    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9318481     Medline TA:  Infect Dis Obstet Gynecol     Country:  Egypt    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
The Woman's Hospital of Texas, Houston, TX 77054, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adult
Anti-Bacterial Agents / therapeutic use
Antibiotic Prophylaxis / methods
Bacteremia / drug therapy,  microbiology,  prevention & control
Chi-Square Distribution
Female
Hospitals, Private
Humans
Mass Screening
Perineum / microbiology
Pregnancy
Pregnancy Complications, Infectious / diagnosis*,  drug therapy,  microbiology*,  prevention & control
Prenatal Care
Prenatal Diagnosis / methods*
Retrospective Studies
Streptococcal Infections / diagnosis*,  drug therapy,  microbiology,  prevention & control
Streptococcus agalactiae / isolation & purification*
Vagina / microbiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Anti-Bacterial Agents
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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