Document Detail


Scintigraphic assessment of oesophageal motility: what does it show and how reliable is it?
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  3732902     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Computer analysed transit of a liquid bolus containing Tc99m (RT) was compared with manometry for the detection of oesophageal motility disorders in 151 patients with a variety of oesophageal symptoms. Manometry was abnormal in 99 of whom 44 had abnormal RT (sensitivity 44%); it was normal in 52 of whom 37 had normal RT (specificity 71%). The commonest manometric abnormalities were non-specific motility disorders characterised by abnormalities of peristaltic amplitude, waveform or baseline. Radionuclide transit was abnormal in only 32/77 (42%) of these. Achalasia, which is characterised by complete aperistalsis, was the least common diagnosis, but all five cases had abnormal RT. Simultaneous manometry and RT in 30 patients showed that the transit of a liquid bolus through the oesophagus is determined by the propagation rather than the form of the peristaltic contraction. Because non-specific motility disorders are common in clinical practice, RT is not a useful screening test for oesophageal dysmotility.
Authors:
M M Mughal; M Marples; J Bancewicz
Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Gut     Volume:  27     ISSN:  0017-5749     ISO Abbreviation:  Gut     Publication Date:  1986 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1986-09-25     Completed Date:  1986-09-25     Revised Date:  2009-11-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985108R     Medline TA:  Gut     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  946-53     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Esophageal Achalasia / radionuclide imaging
Esophageal Diseases / physiopathology,  radionuclide imaging*
Esophagus / physiopathology,  radionuclide imaging
Female
Humans
Male
Manometry
Middle Aged
Peristalsis
Scintillation Counting
Spasm / radionuclide imaging
Comments/Corrections

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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