Document Detail

Scientific bases for precompetition tapering strategies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  12840640     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The taper is a progressive nonlinear reduction of the training load during a variable period of time, in an attempt to reduce the physiological and psychological stress of daily training and optimize sports performance. The aim of the taper should be to minimize accumulated fatigue without compromising adaptations. This is best achieved by maintaining training intensity, reducing the training volume (up to 60-90%) and slightly reducing training frequency (no more than 20%). The optimal duration of the taper ranges between 4 and more than 28 d. Progressive nonlinear tapers are more beneficial to performance than step tapers. Performance usually improves by about 3% (usual range 0.5-6.0%), due to positive changes in the cardiorespiratory, metabolic, hematological, hormonal, neuromuscular, and psychological status of the athletes.
Iñigo Mujika; Sabino Padilla
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Review    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Medicine and science in sports and exercise     Volume:  35     ISSN:  0195-9131     ISO Abbreviation:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Publication Date:  2003 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2003-07-03     Completed Date:  2003-10-21     Revised Date:  2005-11-16    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8005433     Medline TA:  Med Sci Sports Exerc     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1182-7     Citation Subset:  IM; S    
Department of Research and Development, Medical Services, Athletic Club of Bilboa, Basque Country, Spain.
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MeSH Terms
Energy Metabolism
Evidence-Based Medicine
Physical Endurance*
Physical Fitness*
Task Performance and Analysis

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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