Document Detail

School and residential neighborhood food environment and diet among California youth.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22261208     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Various hypotheses link neighborhood food environments and diet. Greater exposure to fast-food restaurants and convenience stores is thought to encourage overconsumption; supermarkets and large grocery stores are claimed to encourage healthier diets. For youth, empirical evidence for any particular hypothesis remains limited.
PURPOSE: This study examines the relationship between school and residential neighborhood food environment and diet among youth in California.
METHODS: Data from 8226 children (aged 5-11 years) and 5236 adolescents (aged 12-17 years) from the 2005 and 2007 California Health Interview Survey were analyzed in 2011. The dependent variables are daily servings of fruits, vegetables, juice, milk, soda, high-sugar foods, and fast food, which were regressed on measures of food environments. Food environments were measured by counts and density of businesses, distinguishing fast-food restaurants, convenience stores, small food stores, grocery stores, and large supermarkets within a specific distance (varying from 0.1 to 1.5 miles) from a respondent's home or school.
RESULTS: No robust relationship between food environment and consumption is found. A few significant results are sensitive to small modeling changes and more likely to reflect chance than true relationships.
CONCLUSIONS: This correlational study has measurement and design limitations. Longitudinal studies that can assess links between environmental, dependent, and intervening food purchase and consumption variables are needed. Reporting a full range of studies, methods, and results is important as a premature focus on correlations may lead policy astray.
Ruopeng An; Roland Sturm
Related Documents :
20355078 - Purification and properties of cysteine protease from rhizomes of curcuma longa (linn.)...
21763208 - Comparison of the interobserver variability of 2 different methods of dietary assessmen...
21303958 - Early-life exposure to testosterone programs the hypothalamic melanocortin system.
25182418 - Bioavailability, bioactivity and impact on health of dietary flavonoids and related com...
25414598 - Toward improved understanding of food security: a methodological examination based in r...
21669078 - Influence of refrigerated storage time on efficacy of irradiation to reduce salmonella ...
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  American journal of preventive medicine     Volume:  42     ISSN:  1873-2607     ISO Abbreviation:  Am J Prev Med     Publication Date:  2012 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-20     Completed Date:  2012-05-14     Revised Date:  2014-09-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704773     Medline TA:  Am J Prev Med     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  129-35     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Journal of Preventive Medicine. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Export Citation:
APA/MLA Format     Download EndNote     Download BibTex
MeSH Terms
Body Mass Index
Child, Preschool
Diet / statistics & numerical data*
Food / statistics & numerical data*
Health Surveys
Residence Characteristics
Restaurants / statistics & numerical data
Grant Support

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

Previous Document:  Active commuting to school among adolescents in ho chi minh city, Vietnam change and predictors in a...
Next Document:  Promoting routine stair use evaluating the impact of a stair prompt across buildings.