Document Detail


School readiness for children with food allergies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11258686     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: Food allergy reactions and anaphylaxis may occur in children while at school. However, information regarding school readiness for children with food allergies is unknown. OBJECTIVE: To identify school education and prevention and treatment policies for food-allergic children in Michigan. METHODS: A questionnaire assessing food allergy awareness and avoidance and treatment strategies was mailed to a randomized sample (n = 273) of 2,082 public elementary school principals. RESULTS: One hundred four responses representing 109 schools were collected. From school estimates of 66,598 children, there was a 1.7% self-reported prevalence of food allergy. The most common allergens were milk and peanut, followed by tree nuts, shellfish, egg, and wheat. Affected children were identified primarily through office records, with few reporting individual emergency plans or designated classrooms, teachers, or lunch tables. Methods of food allergy education included parents of students and in-services. Avoidance strategies, food substitution, and "no-sharing" policies were common, whereas other measures such as food-label-teaching were uncommon. A minority of schools had epinephrine immediately accessible, either in the student's classroom, carried by the student, or passed by teachers. Principals, nurses, and teachers were most often trained to administer epinephrine. CONCLUSIONS: There appears to be a need for schools to formally educate staff on food allergy, provide information on prevention measures such as reading of food labels, establish immediate accessibility to emergency epinephrine, and train staff for appropriate epinephrine use.
Authors:
G S Rhim; M S McMorris
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Annals of allergy, asthma & immunology : official publication of the American College of Allergy, Asthma, & Immunology     Volume:  86     ISSN:  1081-1206     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Allergy Asthma Immunol.     Publication Date:  2001 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-03-21     Completed Date:  2001-04-05     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9503580     Medline TA:  Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  172-6     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
University of Michigan Medical Center, Division of Allergy, Ann Arbor, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Food Hypersensitivity / epidemiology*,  prevention & control,  therapy
Health Education
Humans
School Health Services
Comments/Corrections
Comment In:
Ann Allergy Asthma Immunol. 2001 Feb;86(2):143-4   [PMID:  11258681 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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