Document Detail

School performance as a precursor of adult health: Exploring associations to disease-specific hospital care and their possible explanations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23341356     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Aims: While past research has shown that school performance is associated with some specific health outcomes in adulthood, few studies have taken a general approach to the link between school performance and adult disease. The aim of the present study was therefore to investigate sixth grade school performance in relation to disease-specific hospital care in adulthood and, moreover, to examine whether other conditions in childhood could account for any such associations. Methods: The data used was the Stockholm Birth Cohort, consisting of 14,294 individuals born in 1953. Associations between school performance and disease-specific hospital care were analysed by means of Cox regression. Results: Poor school performance was shown to be linked to a variety of diseases in adulthood, e.g. drug dependence, stomach ulcer, cerebrovascular diseases, and accidents. Some differences according to gender were found. Most associations, but not all, were explained by the simultaneous inclusion of various family-related and individual factors (e.g. social class, cognitive ability, and behavioural problems). Conclusions: In sum, the results of this study suggest that poor school performance may be an essential part of risk clustering in childhood with important implications for the individual's health career.
Ylva B Almquist
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Scandinavian journal of public health     Volume:  41     ISSN:  1651-1905     ISO Abbreviation:  Scand J Public Health     Publication Date:  2013 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100883503     Medline TA:  Scand J Public Health     Country:  Sweden    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  81-91     Citation Subset:  IM    
1Stockholm University/Karolinska Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.
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