Document Detail

School finance policy and students' opportunities to learn: Kentucky's experience.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  10892467     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
School finance reform is usually done piecemeal, with many changes made to an existing framework over a period of decades. Also, finance reform is generally carried out separately from reform of school programs or governance. A notable exception is Kentucky which, in response to a 1989 state supreme court ruling, created an entirely new elementary and secondary education system with new finance and governance mechanisms and new academic expectations and accountability mechanisms. This article summarizes the major elements of the Kentucky Education Reform Act (KERA) and research on its impact. Revenues increased, funding differences between districts shrank, but basic allocations (percentage spent on instruction, facilities, and so on) changed little. A new Office of Education Accountability, reporting to the legislature, tracks incentives and sanctions for schools that progress or regress against their baseline performance. School site councils (SSCs) are in operation, with authority to hire the principal and to make decisions about curriculum, instruction, and the school budget. Major instructional changes were implemented in the early elementary grades, and model restructured high schools are being studied. Significant supplemental services (both academic and social) have been added. Overall, much progress has been made in putting new structures in place, though changes in practice evolve more slowly. The article identifies barriers to change and concludes that KERA's strategy is promising, but more focus should be placed on school-level uses of education dollars. SSCs have authority, but they should also be offered substantial guidance regarding which practices will most reliably promote learning.
J E Adams
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Future of children / Center for the Future of Children, the David and Lucile Packard Foundation     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1054-8289     ISO Abbreviation:  Future Child     Publication Date:  1997  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2000-08-01     Completed Date:  2000-08-01     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9306342     Medline TA:  Future Child     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  79-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Vanderbilt University, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Child, Preschool
Financing, Government / organization & administration*
Organizational Innovation*
Organizational Policy
Schools / economics*
Social Control, Formal

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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