Document Detail


School-based prevention of depressive symptoms in adolescents: a 6-month follow-up.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15266195     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Depressive disorders in adolescents are a widespread problem with extensive psychosocial consequences. The authors designed a school-based program to prevent the increase in depressive symptoms. The authors expect the program to reduce dysfunctional automatic thoughts and improve social skills and thus prevent the increase in depressive symptoms. METHOD: The design includes a training group and a nontreatment control group with pre- and post-measurement and 3- and 6-month follow-up. The authors followed up 324 eighth graders in both groups. School classes were randomly assigned to one of the two groups. The prevention program, LISA-T, is based on cognitive-behavioral therapy concepts and targets of cognitive and social aspects. It comprises 10 meetings of 1.5 hours in a regular school setting. RESULTS: Increases in depressive symptoms in nondepressed adolescents in the training group were prevented over a 6-month period. Furthermore, adolescents with subsyndromal depression in the training group reported fewer symptoms, whereas depressive symptoms within the control group did not change. However, the groups did not differ with regard to social skills, frequency of negative automatic thoughts, and depressive symptoms before the prevention program. CONCLUSIONS: LISA-T is an effective school-based prevention program for eighth graders with minimal to mild depressive symptoms, but further research is needed.
Authors:
Patrick Pössel; Andrea B Horn; Gunter Groen; Martin Hautzinger
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Clinical Trial; Journal Article; Randomized Controlled Trial; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry     Volume:  43     ISSN:  0890-8567     ISO Abbreviation:  J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry     Publication Date:  2004 Aug 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-07-21     Completed Date:  2004-09-30     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8704565     Medline TA:  J Am Acad Child Adolesc Psychiatry     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1003-10     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Clinical and Physiological Psychology, University of Tübingen, Germany. patrick.poessel@uni-tuebingen.de
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Cognitive Therapy*
Depression / diagnosis,  prevention & control*,  psychology
Female
Follow-Up Studies
Humans
Male
Queensland
Recurrence / prevention & control
School Health Services*
Social Behavior
Social Perception
Thinking

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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