Document Detail

School-based nutrition programs produced a moderate increase in fruit and vegetable consumption: meta and pooling analyses from 7 studies.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17606244     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate, through study- and individual-level analyses of data from 7 studies, the effectiveness of school-based nutrition interventions on child fruit and vegetable (FV) consumption. DESIGN: To find original studies on school-based nutrition interventions, the authors searched electronic databases from 1990 to 2002. First authors of the 13 eligible studies were contacted to request their data. Data from 7 studies were received for inclusion in this pooled analysis. SETTING: Schools. PARTICIPANTS: 8156 children were matched from pretest to posttest. Participants were primarily elementary school-aged (75.5%) and white (66%), and 50.4% were males. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Net FV difference and net FV relative change (%). ANALYSIS: Data were analyzed at both the study and individual levels. A fitted multivariable fixed-effects model was used to analyze the role of potential covariates on FV intake. Statistical significance was set at alpha = .05. RESULTS: At the individual level, the net difference in FV consumption was 0.45 (95% CI 0.33-0.59) servings; the net relative change was 19% (95% CI 0.15-0.23) servings. CONCLUSIONS AND IMPLICATIONS: School-based nutrition interventions produced a moderate increase in FV intake among children. These results may have implications for chronic disease prevention efforts, including cardiovascular disease and cancer.
Mollie W Howerton; B Sue Bell; Kevin W Dodd; David Berrigan; Rachael Stolzenberg-Solomon; Linda Nebeling
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Meta-Analysis; Research Support, N.I.H., Extramural    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of nutrition education and behavior     Volume:  39     ISSN:  1499-4046     ISO Abbreviation:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Publication Date:    2007 Jul-Aug
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-07-03     Completed Date:  2007-08-14     Revised Date:  2009-11-19    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101132622     Medline TA:  J Nutr Educ Behav     Country:  Canada    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  186-96     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Oncology, Johns Hopkins School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland.
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MeSH Terms
Child Nutrition Sciences / education*
Child Nutritional Physiological Phenomena*
Food Habits / psychology*
Health Promotion
Multivariate Analysis
Primary Prevention

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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