Document Detail

School-Based Programs Aimed at the Prevention and Treatment of Obesity: Evidence-Based Interventions for Youth in Latin America.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23879787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
BACKGROUND: Rapidly rising childhood obesity rates constitute a public health priority in Latin America which makes it imperative to develop evidence-based strategies. Schools are a promising setting but to date it is unclear how many school-based obesity interventions have been documented in Latin America and what level of evidence can be gathered from such interventions.
METHODS: We performed a systematic review of papers published between 1965 and December 2010. Interventions were considered eligible if they had a school-based component, were done in Latin America, evaluated an obesity related outcome (body mass index [BMI], weight, %body fat, waist circumference, BMI z-score), and compared youth exposed vs not exposed.
RESULTS: Ten studies were identified as having a school-based component. Most interventions had a sample of normal and overweight children. The most successful interventions focused on prevention rather than treatment, had longer follow-ups, a multidisciplinary team, and fewer limitations in execution. Three prevention and 2 treatment interventions found sufficient improvements in obesity-related outcomes.
CONCLUSIONS: We found sufficient evidence to recommend school-based interventions to prevent obesity among youth in Latin America. Evidence-based interventions in the school setting should be promoted as an important component for integrated programs, policies, and monitoring frameworks designed to reverse the childhood obesity in the region.
Felipe Lobelo; Isabel Garcia de Quevedo; Christina K Holub; Brian J Nagle; Elva M Arredondo; Simón Barquera; John P Elder
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of school health     Volume:  83     ISSN:  1746-1561     ISO Abbreviation:  J Sch Health     Publication Date:  2013 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-07-24     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376370     Medline TA:  J Sch Health     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  668-77     Citation Subset:  IM; N    
Copyright Information:
Published 2013. This article is a U.S. Government work and is in the public domain in the USA.
Lead Epidemiologist, (, Global Health Promotion Office, National Center for Chronic Disease Prevention and Health Promotion, Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, NE, MS K-40 Atlanta, GA 30341.
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