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Schisandrin B enhances the glutathione redox cycling and protects against oxidant injury in different types of cultured cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22034285     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Tert-butylhydroperoxide (tBHP) challenge caused an initial depletion of cellular reduced glutathione (GSH), which was followed by a gradual restoration of cellular GSH in AML12, H9c2, and differentiated PC12 cells. The time-dependent changes in cellular GSH induced by tBHP were monitored as a measure of GSH recovery capacity (GRC), of which glutathione reductase (GR)-mediated glutathione redox cycling and γ-glutamate cysteine ligase (GCL)-mediated GSH synthesis were found to play an essential role. While glutathione redox cycling sustained the GSH level during the initial tBHP-induced depletion, GSH synthesis restores the GSH level thereafter. The effects of (-)schisandrin B [(-)Sch B] and its analogs (Sch A and Sch C) on GRC were also examined in the cells. (-)Sch B and Sch C, but not Sch A, ameliorated the extent of tBHP-induced GSH depletion, indicative of enhanced glutathione redox cycling. However, the degree of restoration of GSH post-tBHP challenge was not affected or even decreased. Pretreatment with (-)Sch B and Sch C, but not Sch A, protected against oxidant injury in the cells. The (-)Sch B afforded cytoprotection was abolished by N,N'-bis(chloroethyl)-N-nitrosourea pretreatment suggesting the enhancement of glutathione redox cycling is crucially involved in the cytoprotection afforded by (-)Sch B against oxidative stress-induced cell injury.
Philip Y Lam; Pou Kuan Leong; Na Chen; Kam Ming Ko
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2011-10-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  BioFactors (Oxford, England)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1872-8081     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2011 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-10-28     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8807441     Medline TA:  Biofactors     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2011 International Union of Biochemistry and Molecular Biology, Inc.
Division of Life Science, The Hong Kong University of Science and Technology, Clear Water Bay, Hong Kong SAR, China.
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