Document Detail


Scene schemata and scripts in children's understanding of hospital.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2225346     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
In a first study, 90 children (aged 3-5 years) were shown a photograph of a hospital scene, and then asked to identify which of 12 separate items were present in the original scene. Children made more plausible than implausible errors, suggesting that they had well-organized schemata for hospital scenes. In a second study, we investigated children's knowledge of hospital-related routines and activities. A total of 152 children (aged 3-5, 6-8 and 9-10 years) were shown five photographs of hospital and five photographs of school, and asked to arrange each set to 'tell a story'. Children in different age groups showed relatively high agreement in their orderings, and also in selecting the 'most important photograph'. The data suggest that children's knowledge of hospital is organized around rudimentary schemata and scripts, which enable them to make very plausible inferences about hospital scenes and activities.
Authors:
C Eiser; J R Eiser; B A Jones
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child: care, health and development     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0305-1862     ISO Abbreviation:  Child Care Health Dev     Publication Date:    1990 Sep-Oct
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1990-12-06     Completed Date:  1990-12-06     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7602632     Medline TA:  Child Care Health Dev     Country:  ENGLAND    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  303-17     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, Washington Singer Laboratories, University of Exeter, England.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Child
Child Development
Child Psychology*
Child, Preschool
Cognition
Female
Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice*
Hospitals*
Humans
Male

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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