Document Detail

Scarf osteotomy versus metatarsophalangeal arthrodesis in forefoot first ray disorders: comparison of functional outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22951054     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
INTRODUCTION: Scarf osteotomies of the first metatarsal and metatarsophalangeal arthrodesis are the two most frequent surgical forefoot reconstructive procedures.
HYPOTHESIS: We compared functional results of isolated arthrodesis of the first metatarsophalangeal joint with an isolated Scarf osteotomy of the first metatarsal.
MATERIALS AND METHODS: This was a retrospective, observational, continuous study of patients operated between 1993 and 2008. After patients who had undergone a procedure on the lateral rays, extremely elderly patients, lost to follow-up patients and those with incomplete questionnaires had been excluded, there remained two comparable groups of 25 patients. Mean age was 60 in the arthrodesis group [41-70] and 59.8 in the Scarf group [47-71]. The Scarf group included 25 hallux valgus (100%) compared to 16 hallux valgus (64%) and nine hallux rigidus (36%) in the arthrodesis group. Complications were recorded. Evaluation of functional results was based on the most recent functional or quality of life scores (AOFAS, FFI, FAAM, SF 36) and a questionnaire on physical and athletic ability.
RESULTS: There was no significant difference in the rate of complications between the two groups. There was no difference in pain according to the AOFAS score with 35.6/40 (± 6.5) in the Scarf group and 34.5 (± 5.9) in the arthrodesis group. Global satisfaction was also similar between the Scarf and arthrodesis groups: 91.4% and 90% of very satisfied or satisfied patients, respectively. The FFI score was higher in the Scarf group than in the arthrodesis group: 8.6 (± 20.1) and 19.8 (± 17.7) respectively. Functional results were better in the Scarf group than in the arthrodesis group with a FAAM Daily Activity score of 80.2 (± 12.1) compared to 68 (± 7.2), a FAAM Sports Activity score of 29.7 (± 6.7) compared to 25.2 (± 7.6) and a FAAM Global Function score of 94% (± 10.8) compared to 87% (± 15.7), respectively. The Global SF36 score was higher in the Scarf group than in the arthrodesis group: 70.9% (± 14.1) and 62.3% (± 20.6) respectively, which was due to a higher Mental Health score in the Scarf group: 68.7% (± 14.2) and 60.4% (± 19.3) respectively. In the area of sports activities the Scarf group practiced more hiking than the arthrodesis group (74% versus 42% respectively). There was no difference for other activities.
DISCUSSION AND CONCLUSION: This study provides detailed information on the level of physical and sports activities that are practiced following these procedures, so that the patient can be better informed.
R Desmarchelier; J-L Besse; M-H Fessy;
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Comparative Study; Evaluation Studies; Journal Article     Date:  2012-08-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Orthopaedics & traumatology, surgery & research : OTSR     Volume:  98     ISSN:  1877-0568     ISO Abbreviation:  Orthop Traumatol Surg Res     Publication Date:  2012 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-09-28     Completed Date:  2013-03-17     Revised Date:  2013-10-31    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101494830     Medline TA:  Orthop Traumatol Surg Res     Country:  France    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  S77-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Masson SAS.
Southern Lyon Hospital Center, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery and Traumatology and sports medicine, Lyon Civilian Hospitals, 69495 Pierre-Bénite Cedex, France.
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MeSH Terms
Arthrodesis / methods*
Chi-Square Distribution
Cohort Studies
Follow-Up Studies
Forefoot, Human / radiography,  surgery
Hallux Rigidus / radiography,  surgery*
Hallux Valgus / radiography,  surgery*
Metatarsophalangeal Joint / physiopathology,  radiography,  surgery
Middle Aged
Osteotomy / methods*
Pain Measurement
Patient Satisfaction / statistics & numerical data
Postoperative Care / methods
Range of Motion, Articular / physiology*
Recovery of Function
Retrospective Studies
Risk Assessment
Severity of Illness Index
Statistics, Nonparametric
Treatment Outcome

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