Document Detail

Sand fly feeding on noxious plants: a potential method for the control of leishmaniasis.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  11693873     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The sand fly Phlebotomus papatasi transmits Leishmania major, which causes cutaneous leishmaniasis, in vast regions of the Old World. In addition to blood, the sand flies feed on plants. In a study of this diet, we observed that one night of feeding on branches of Solanum jasminoides, Ricinus communis, or Bougainvillea glabra drastically shortened the life span of the sand flies. Flowering B. glabra attracted P. papatasi in the field. Nevertheless, in the region endemic for L. major in yards abounding with vector sand flies, the number of P. papatasi trapped near hedges of B. glabra was eight times less (62 versus 502 flies trapped) than in the control sites. The results imply that B. glabra affords local protection against sand fly bites and decreases the risk of leishmaniasis. We suggest that this and other ornamental plants that are harmful to sand flies can be used as a tool for this purpose.
Y Schlein; R L Jacobson; G C Müller
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The American journal of tropical medicine and hygiene     Volume:  65     ISSN:  0002-9637     ISO Abbreviation:  Am. J. Trop. Med. Hyg.     Publication Date:  2001 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2001-11-05     Completed Date:  2001-12-04     Revised Date:  2007-11-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0370507     Medline TA:  Am J Trop Med Hyg     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  300-3     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Parasitology, The Kuvin Center for the Study of Infectious and Tropical Diseases, The Hebrew University-Hadassah Medical School, Jerusalem, Israel.
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MeSH Terms
Feeding Behavior
Insect Control / methods*
Insect Vectors / parasitology,  physiology*
Leishmania major / growth & development*
Leishmaniasis, Cutaneous / prevention & control*,  transmission
Plants, Toxic / toxicity*
Psychodidae / parasitology,  physiology*
Ricinus / toxicity
Solanaceae / toxicity
Survival Analysis
Time Factors
Grant Support

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