Document Detail


Same-different judgments of multiletter strings: insensitivity to positional bias and spacing.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  2011454     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Several recent studies of multiletter matching have included pairs of strings that have the same letters in different positions (rearranged pairs). The task can be defined such that these rearranged pairs are correctly classified as different (i.e., subjects respond "same" only if the strings have the same letters in the same positions--the order task) or as same (i.e., subjects respond "same" if the strings have the same letters regardless of their positions--the item task). The order task produces left-to-right serial-position effects, whereas the item task produces U-shaped serial-position effects. Because these differences suggest that subjects may be able to exert strategic control over the comparison process, two sets of experiments were designed to test whether or not subjects can change the relative weightings devoted to the respective serial positions. In Experiments 1 and 2, the probability that a mismatch occurred in the different positions was manipulated. In Experiments 3 and 4, the physical spacing between letters, as well as whether or not the spaces were filled with neutral noise characters, was varied. None of the manipulations had much influence on the serial-position effects. Thus, the distinct serial-position effects for the order and item tasks apparently are mandatory and not due to any voluntary comparison strategy.
Authors:
R W Proctor; A F Healy; T Van Zandt
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Perception & psychophysics     Volume:  49     ISSN:  0031-5117     ISO Abbreviation:  Percept Psychophys     Publication Date:  1991 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1991-05-08     Completed Date:  1991-05-08     Revised Date:  2006-11-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0200445     Medline TA:  Percept Psychophys     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  62-72     Citation Subset:  C    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychological Sciences, Purdue University, West Lafayette, IN 47907.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Attention*
Discrimination Learning
Humans
Orientation*
Pattern Recognition, Visual*
Space Perception*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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