Document Detail


Same-different discrimination: the keel and backbone of thought and reasoning.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20141313     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Discriminating same from different collections of items is central to human thought and reasoning. Recent comparative research suggests that same-different discrimination behavior is not uniquely human, does not require human language, is based on the variability of the collection of items, obeys fundamental psychophysical laws, and may be captured by quantitative models of the stimulus collection. The comparative study of same-different discrimination behavior sheds fresh light on the mechanisms and functions of abstract conceptualization. This study also has prompted the development of a theory-the Finding Differences Model-that successfully explains a wealth of findings in the comparative psychology of same-different discrimination behavior.
Authors:
Edward A Wasserman; Michael E Young
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, U.S. Gov't, Non-P.H.S.    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of experimental psychology. Animal behavior processes     Volume:  36     ISSN:  1939-2184     ISO Abbreviation:  J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process     Publication Date:  2010 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-02-09     Completed Date:  2010-04-27     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7504289     Medline TA:  J Exp Psychol Anim Behav Process     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3-22     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Department of Psychology, University of Iowa, Iowa City, IA 52242-1407, USA. ed-wasserman@uiowa.edu
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Behavior, Animal / physiology
Discrimination (Psychology) / physiology*
Discrimination Learning / physiology*
Humans
Pattern Recognition, Visual / physiology*
Photic Stimulation / methods
Psychological Theory*
Thinking / physiology*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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