Document Detail

Salt usage behaviors are related to urinary sodium excretion in normotensive Korean adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17215189     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
High sodium intake is considered to be the major risk factor for hypertension but studies about sodium intake on prevention and management of hypertension is limited due to the difficulties in assessment of sodium intake. Dietary sodium comes not only from naturally occurring sodium in foods but also from the added sodium during processing, cooking and at the table. Present study was conducted to identify salt usage behavior questions related to urinary sodium excretion among normotensive adult Koreans. The test version of the salt usage questionnaire included six items of salt usage behaviors and nine items of high salt containing foods. A survey was conducted in 189 adults over 18 years of age in three age groups in both genders. Each participant answered the questionnaire and collected one 24-hour urine and urine samples were analyzed for sodium contents. Correlation analyses between scores of the questions and sodium excretion in 24-hour urine were performed to identify question items related to sodium excretion. Among fifteen questions, scores of three questions on salt usage behaviors were significantly correlated to urinary sodium excretion (r=0.17~0.19; p <0.05) and the sum of scores of the three questions showed higher correlation coefficients. (r=0.26, p <0.001) The salt usage behavior questions developed in this study would be useful in predicting sodium intake and in studying the relationship between sodium intake and health among Korean adults.
Hyun Ju Kim; Hee Young Paik; Sim Yeol Lee; Jae Eun Shim; Young Sik Kim
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Asia Pacific journal of clinical nutrition     Volume:  16     ISSN:  0964-7058     ISO Abbreviation:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Publication Date:  2007  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-11     Completed Date:  2007-04-30     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9440304     Medline TA:  Asia Pac J Clin Nutr     Country:  Australia    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  122-8     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food and Nutrition, College of Human Ecology, Seoul National University, San 58-1, Shillim-dong, Kwanak-ku, Seoul 151-742, Korea.
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MeSH Terms
Health Behavior
Hypertension / epidemiology,  etiology*,  prevention & control
Korea / epidemiology
Middle Aged
Public Health*
Questionnaires / standards*
Risk Factors
Sodium / urine*
Sodium Chloride, Dietary / administration & dosage*,  metabolism,  urine
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Sodium Chloride, Dietary; 7440-23-5/Sodium

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