Document Detail

Salmonella Montevideo outbreak in military kennel dogs caused by contaminated commercial feed, which was only recognized through monitoring.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  16979851     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A large outbreak of canine salmonellosis in military watch dogs due to Salmonella Montevideo and/or Salmonella Give was only recognized through a monitoring program, implemented by the military forces. In 51 out of 80 exposed dogs (63.8%) from four kennels Salmonella was isolated from fecal samples. The prevalence per sampling day ranged from 5.6 to 77.8%. Clinical disease with mild diarrhea but without fever appeared only in nine dogs (11.3% of study population, 16.9% of cases) from one kennel (***P < 0.001). Risk analysis identified "dog food A" (odds ratio 3.33 [1.12 < OR < 10.06] *P < 0.05) and "dog food C" (odds ratio 3.40 [1.07 < OR < 11.22] *P < 0.05), two commercial dehydrated dog feeds, as suspected infectious sources. Feeding "dog food C" alone or together with "dog food A" was significantly associated with clinical disease (***P < 0.001). S. Montevideo and S. Give with similar plasmid profiles and PFGE-restriction patterns were isolated from the suspected dog feeds and fecal samples. This outbreak demonstrates not only that Salmonella infections in dogs occur without clinical symptoms but also that large outbreaks occur after feeding dehydrated dog feeds. Especially in households with known risk group patients this finding demonstrates a particular risk for their owners, as they often live in close contact with their animals.
Ulrich Schotte; Dorit Borchers; Christiane Wulff; Lutz Geue
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2006-08-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Veterinary microbiology     Volume:  119     ISSN:  0378-1135     ISO Abbreviation:  Vet. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2007 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-01-08     Completed Date:  2007-10-31     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7705469     Medline TA:  Vet Microbiol     Country:  Netherlands    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  316-23     Citation Subset:  IM    
Zentrales Institut des Sanitätsdienstes der Bundeswehr Kiel, Laborabteilung II, Veterinärmedizin, Kopperpahler Allee 120, 24119 Kronshagen, Germany.
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MeSH Terms
Animal Feed / microbiology*
DNA, Bacterial / analysis
Disease Outbreaks / veterinary*
Dog Diseases / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Electrophoresis, Gel, Pulsed-Field / veterinary
Feces / microbiology
Food Contamination / analysis*
Food Microbiology*
Germany / epidemiology
Retrospective Studies
Salmonella / classification,  isolation & purification
Salmonella Infections, Animal / diagnosis,  epidemiology*
Sentinel Surveillance / veterinary
Serotyping / veterinary
Reg. No./Substance:
0/DNA, Bacterial

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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