Document Detail

Salivary trace elements in relation to dental caries in a group of multi-ethnic schoolchildren in Shah Alam, Malaysia.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23758460     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
AIM To assess the salivary levels of Copper (Cu), Zinc (Zn), Manganese (Mn) and Iron (Fe) obtained from children of different ethnic backgrounds in Shah Alam, Malaysia and investigate the possible relationships with caries. MATERIALS AND METHODS One hundred and twenty primary school children were included. They were divided into caries and caries-free groups. Unstimulated whole saliva was collected from each participant using spitting method. The salivary elements were measured using an Atomic Absorption Spectrophotometer. Descriptive statistics, bivariate and Pearson's correlation analysis were performed. RESULTS Salivary Cu and Zn levels were significantly higher in children with dental caries compared to those caries-free (p < 0.05). Moreover, these elements had a positive correlation with dental caries (Cu: r=0.698, p<0.001; Zn: r=0.181, p<0.05). No significant variations in Mn and Fe were observed between caries and caries-free group (p>0.05). Additionally, there were significant differences in salivary Zn and Fe among different age groups (p<0.05) and highly significant differences in salivary Cu, Mn and Fe among different ethnic groups (p<0.001). However, all elements exhibited no significant differences between males and females. CONCLUSION The salivary Cu and Zn levels showed significant differences between caries and caries-free groups. The findings also revealed significant variations in the levels of salivary Cu, Mn and Fe among different ethnic groups and salivary Zn and Fe among different age groups.
A S Hussein; H F Ghasheer; N M Ramli; R J Schroth; M I Abu-Hassan
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  European journal of paediatric dentistry : official journal of European Academy of Paediatric Dentistry     Volume:  14     ISSN:  1591-996X     ISO Abbreviation:  Eur J Paediatr Dent     Publication Date:  2013 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-06-13     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101121881     Medline TA:  Eur J Paediatr Dent     Country:  Italy    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  113-8     Citation Subset:  D; IM    
Department of Pediatric Dentistry, Faculty of Dentistry, Universiti Teknologi MARA (UiTM), Shah Alam, Malaysia.
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