Document Detail

Salary discrepancies between practicing male and female physician assistants.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21824787     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
BACKGROUND: Salary discrepancies between male and female physicians are well documented; however, gender-based salary differences among clinically practicing physician assistants (PAs) have not been studied since 1992 (Willis, 1992). Therefore, the objectives of the current study are to evaluate the presence of salary discrepancies between clinically practicing male and female PAs and to analyze the effect of gender on income and practice characteristics.
METHODS: Using data from the 2009 American Academy of Physician Assistants' (AAPA) Annual Census Survey, we evaluated the salaries of PAs across multiple specialties. Differences between men and women were compared for practice characteristics (specialty, experience, etc) and salary (total pay, base pay, on-call pay, etc) in orthopedic surgery, emergency medicine, and family practice.
FINDINGS: Men reported working more years as a PA in their current specialty, working more hours per month on-call, providing more direct care to patients, and more funding available from their employers for professional development (p < .001, all comparisons). In addition, men reported a higher total income, base pay, overtime pay, administrative pay, on-call pay, and incentive pay based on productivity and performance (p < .001, all comparisons). Multivariate analysis of covariance and analysis of variance revealed that men reported higher total income (p < .0001) and base pay (p = .001) in orthopedic surgery, higher total income (p = .011) and base pay (p = .005) in emergency medicine, and higher base pay in family practice (p < .001), independent of clinical experience or workload.
CONCLUSION: These results suggest that certain salary discrepancies remain between employed male and female PAs regardless of specialty, experience, or other practice characteristics.
Bettie Coplan; Alison C Essary; Thomas B Virden; James Cawley; James D Stoehr
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2011-08-06
Journal Detail:
Title:  Women's health issues : official publication of the Jacobs Institute of Women's Health     Volume:  22     ISSN:  1878-4321     ISO Abbreviation:  Womens Health Issues     Publication Date:    2012 Jan-Feb
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-01-13     Completed Date:  2012-04-26     Revised Date:  2012-06-14    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9101000     Medline TA:  Womens Health Issues     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  e83-9     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012. Published by Elsevier Inc.
PA Program, Midwestern University, Glendale Campus, Glendale, Arizona, USA.
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MeSH Terms
Data Collection
Emergency Medicine / economics
Family Practice / economics
Middle Aged
Orthopedics / economics
Physician Assistants / economics*,  statistics & numerical data
Practice Management, Medical / organization & administration*,  statistics & numerical data
Salaries and Fringe Benefits / statistics & numerical data*
Sex Factors
United States
Workload / statistics & numerical data*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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