Document Detail

Sagittal spinal posture after Pilates-based exercise in healthy older adults.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  19404180     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
STUDY DESIGN: Longitudinal, repeated-measures study. OBJECTIVE: The aim of this study was to determine changes in sagittal spinal posture in older adults during standing and sitting after a Pilates-based exercise program. SUMMARY OF BACKGROUND DATA: Pilates exercise is purported to improve posture, however, few peer-reviewed articles are available to provide scientific support. Most previous studies were conducted in young dancers, and the effect of Pilates exercise on spinal posture in older adults remained unclear. METHODS: Thirty-four healthy older adults aged over 60 years volunteered for this study. A two-dimensional PEAK Motus motion analysis system was used to measure sagittal spinal angles. Participants were tested on 2 occasions before the exercise program to establish a baseline measure, and undertook a supervised Pilates-based exercise program twice weekly for 10 weeks. Participants were tested on another 2 occasions, immediately after the exercise program, and after a short-term follow-up. RESULTS: Baseline measures in both standing and sitting postures remained unchanged except for the lumbar spine angle in sitting. Immediately after the Pilates-based exercise program, older adults stood with slightly decreased thoracic flexion and sat with slightly increased lumbar extension. No significant differences were found during the follow-up period. CONCLUSION: The individually designed Pilates-based exercise program was feasible for healthy older adults, and the high attendance rate supports the suitability of the exercise program over a long period. Considering the variability of the baseline measure, small improvement was only observed in the thoracic kyphosis during standing. The long-term effect of Pilates exercise requires further investigation.
Yi-Liang Kuo; Elizabeth A Tully; Mary P Galea
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Spine     Volume:  34     ISSN:  1528-1159     ISO Abbreviation:  Spine     Publication Date:  2009 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2009-04-30     Completed Date:  2009-07-15     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7610646     Medline TA:  Spine (Phila Pa 1976)     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  1046-51     Citation Subset:  IM    
School of Physiotherapy, The University of Melbourne, Victoria, Australia.
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MeSH Terms
Aging / pathology,  physiology*
Exercise Movement Techniques / methods*,  statistics & numerical data
Exercise Therapy / methods*,  statistics & numerical data
Longitudinal Studies
Lumbar Vertebrae / physiopathology
Middle Aged
Outcome Assessment (Health Care)
Physical Fitness / physiology*
Range of Motion, Articular / physiology
Spinal Curvatures / physiopathology,  prevention & control,  therapy*
Spine / physiopathology
Thoracic Vertebrae / physiopathology
Treatment Outcome

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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