Document Detail


Sagittal plane kinematics during the transition run in triathletes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22819075     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVES: Epidemiological evidence indicates more than 70% of all injuries that occur while training for or competing in triathlon happen during running. Maintaining an aerodynamic position on a bicycle during a triathlon places triathletes in a prolonged trunk flexed position which may affect lower extremity running biomechanics following cycling and influence both injury risk and performance in these athletes. The aim of this study was to compare sagittal plane running kinematics after a 30-min cycling protocol to a baseline run without prior exercise. DESIGN: Descriptive laboratory study. METHODS: Healthy participants with prior triathlon experience (n=28; height=1.73±0.09m; mass=63.0±7.7kg; age=24.6±5.8years) ran at a self-selected speed on a custom-built treadmill surrounded by a 12-camera motion analysis system before and after a 30-min cycling protocol (RPE 12-14). Three-dimensional kinematics were measured before, and at 2-min, 6-min, 10-min, and 14-min post-cycling. A 1×5 series of repeated measures univariate ANOVAs were used to determine changes in kinematic parameters resulting from the cycling protocol. Statistical significance was set a priori at (p<0.05). RESULTS: Peak angles for anterior pelvic tilt (p<0.001), hip flexion (p<0.001), and spine extension (p<0.001) increased and hip extension decreased (p<0.001) at all time points while running following cycling compared to baseline. CONCLUSIONS: Cycling in an aerodynamic position for 30min induces changes in sagittal plane running kinematics of the spine, pelvis, and hip for at least 14min following cycling. Alterations in kinematics may increase the risk for lower extremity injuries and affect running performance in triathletes.
Authors:
Nicole K Rendos; Blain C Harrison; Jay M Dicharry; Lindsay D Sauer; Joseph M Hart
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-7-19
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of science and medicine in sport / Sports Medicine Australia     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1878-1861     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-7-23     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9812598     Medline TA:  J Sci Med Sport     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Sports Medicine Australia. Published by Elsevier Ltd. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Univeristy of Miami, Sports Medicine & Motion Analysis Laboratory, Coral Gables, FL 33143, United States.
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