Document Detail


Safety in Canadian junior ice hockey: the association between ice surface size and injuries and aggressive penalties in the Ontario Hockey League.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  9262886     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: To investigate the associations between ice surface size and injuries and aggressive penalties in Canadian junior hockey. DESIGN: Injury (all injuries and neurotraumas) and penalty data (aggressive and nonaggressive) were categorized into the ice surface size on which they occurred: larger than standard (LTS), standard (S), and smaller than standard (STS). PARTICIPANTS: There were 328 injury records and 538 penalty records collected for all 16 teams in the Ontario Hockey League (OHL) during the 1993-94 season. The OHL is a junior A league comprised of amateur players aged approximately 16-20 years. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: In the absence of any evidence, the null hypotheses of no association between injuries and ice surface size and penalties and ice surface size were tested. RESULTS: The rates of injury per game were inversely related to ice surface sizes (95% confidence intervals: LTS, 0.33 +/- 0.20; S: 0.58 +/- 0.08; and STS, 0.76 +/- 0.06). The associations for all of the paired comparisons of these rates with ice surface size were statistically significant (p < 0.01). Neurotraumas per game and aggressive penalty rates showed no significant relationship with ice surface size (p < 0.05). CONCLUSIONS: It was concluded that ice surface size is a risk factor to consider in assessing overall injury rate. The larger the ice surface is, the lower is the rate of injury. It appears that the medical community was correct in suspecting ice surface size as a factor in creating a safer environment for ice hockey players. Penalty data do not appear to be important factors in relation to ice surface size.
Authors:
R C Watson; M A Nystrom; E Buckolz
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical journal of sport medicine : official journal of the Canadian Academy of Sport Medicine     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1050-642X     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin J Sport Med     Publication Date:  1997 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1997-10-02     Completed Date:  1997-10-02     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9103300     Medline TA:  Clin J Sport Med     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  192-5     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Faculty of Kinesiology, University of Western Ontario, London, Canada.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Adolescent
Adult
Aggression*
Athletic Injuries / epidemiology,  etiology*
Craniocerebral Trauma / epidemiology
Hockey*
Humans
Ice*
Incidence
Male
Neck Injuries
Ontario / epidemiology
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Ice

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine


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