Document Detail


Safety and efficacy of high-dose adeno-associated virus 9 encoding sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) adenosine triphosphatase delivered by molecular cardiac surgery with recirculating delivery in ovine ischemic cardiomyopathy.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  25037619     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
OBJECTIVE: Therapeutic safety and efficacy are the basic prerequisites for clinical gene therapy. We investigated the effect of high-dose molecular cardiac surgery with recirculating delivery (MCARD)-mediated adeno-associated virus 9 (AAV9)/sarcoplasmic reticulum Ca(2+) adenosine triphosphatase (SERCA2a) gene delivery on clinical parameters, oxidative stress, humoral and cellular immune responses, and cardiac remodeling.
METHODS: Ischemic cardiomyopathy was generated in a sheep model. The sheep were assigned to 1 of 2 groups: control (n = 10) and study (MCARD, n = 6). The control group underwent no intervention and the study group received 10(14) genome copies of AAV9/SERCA2a 4 weeks after infarction.
RESULTS: Our ischemic model produced reliable infarcts leading to heart failure. The baseline ejection fraction in the MCARD group was 57.6% ± 1.6% versus 61.2% ± 1.9% in the control group (P > .05). At 12 weeks after infarction, the MCARD group had superior left ventricular function compared with the control group: stroke volume index, 46.6 ± 1.8 versus 35.8 ± 2.5 mL/m(2) (P < .05); ejection fraction, 46.2% ± 1.9% versus 38.7% ± 2.5% (P < .05); and left ventricular end-systolic and end-diastolic dimensions, 41.3 ± 1.7 versus 48.2 ± 1.4 mm and 51.2 ± 1.5 versus 57.6 ± 1.7 mm, respectively (P < .05). The markers of oxidative stress were significantly reduced in the infarct zone in the MCARD group. No positive T-cell-mediated immune response was seen in the MCARD group at any point. Myocyte hypertrophy was also significantly attenuated in the MCARD group compared with the control group.
CONCLUSIONS: Cardiac overexpression of the SERCA2a gene by way of MCARD is a safe therapeutic intervention. It significantly improves left ventricular function, decreases markers of oxidative stress, abrogates myocyte hypertrophy, arrests remodeling, and does not induce a T-cell-mediated immune response.
Authors:
Michael G Katz; Anthony S Fargnoli; Richard D Williams; Nury M Steuerwald; Alice Isidro; Anna V Ivanina; Inna M Sokolova; Charles R Bridges
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2014-6-7
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Journal of thoracic and cardiovascular surgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1097-685X     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Thorac. Cardiovasc. Surg.     Publication Date:  2014 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2014-7-19     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0376343     Medline TA:  J Thorac Cardiovasc Surg     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2014 The American Association for Thoracic Surgery. Published by Mosby, Inc. All rights reserved.
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