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Safety of besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% in refractive surgery: a retrospective chart review of post-LASIK patients.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23355771     Owner:  NLM     Status:  PubMed-not-MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: To evaluate the safety of besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% when used in laser-assisted in situ keratomileusis (LASIK) prophylactic antibiotic regimens.
METHODS: Retrospective surveillance of LASIK surgery cases where besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% or moxifloxacin ophthalmic solution 0.5% were prescribed as prophylactic medications. Surgeons from nine US surgical centers provided retrospective case information on surgical outcomes from consecutive cases and reported any adverse events related to the antibacterial used. The primary endpoint was the incidence of adverse drug reactions.
RESULTS: A total of 801 case reports (801 eyes; 534 besifloxacin, 267 moxifloxacin) were obtained. The mean (standard deviation [SD]) age at time of surgery was 36.1 (10.6) years. The mean (SD) duration of antibiotic treatment was 8.6 (2.2) days in the besifloxacin group and 8.0 (2.3) in the moxifloxacin group; daily dosing frequency was higher in the moxifloxacin group preoperatively, on the day of surgery, and postoperatively. There were no reports of adverse drug reactions for the 801 eyes in this surveillance. There were no differences between the besifloxacin and moxifloxacin treatment groups in rates of unexpected corneal findings (2.1% vs 1.5%, P = 0.949). The distribution of final visual acuity for the besifloxacin and moxifloxacin groups were similar (P = 0.793). Most cases had a final visual acuity of 20/20 or better.
CONCLUSION: In this retrospective surveillance study, the prophylactic use of besifloxacin ophthalmic suspension 0.6% and moxifloxacin ophthalmic solution 0.5% in patients undergoing LASIK surgery was not associated with any adverse drug reactions.
Authors:
Steven A Nielsen; Marguerite B McDonald; Parag A Majmudar
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article     Date:  2013-01-17
Journal Detail:
Title:  Clinical ophthalmology (Auckland, N.Z.)     Volume:  7     ISSN:  1177-5467     ISO Abbreviation:  Clin Ophthalmol     Publication Date:  2013  
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-01-28     Completed Date:  2013-03-14     Revised Date:  2013-05-30    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101321512     Medline TA:  Clin Ophthalmol     Country:  New Zealand    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  149-56     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Nielsen Eye Center, Quincy, MA, USA.
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Erratum In:
Clin Ophthalmol. 2013;7:725

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