Document Detail

Safe apples for baby-food production: survey of pesticide treatment regimes leaving minimum residues.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17487602     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
A total of 19 pesticide preparations were used according to agricultural practice in six trials in apple orchards. Using gas chromatography-mass spectrometry (GC-MS) and liquid chromatography-tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS), premature Golden Delicious apples collected 64, 50, 36 days before harvest and mature fruit were examined for residues of active ingredients. No residues of triflumuron, triazamate, chlorpyrifos, etofenprox, fenoxycarb, kresoxim-methyl, cyprodinyl, difenoconazole or thiram were detected in the first sampling. Also, the levels of chlorpyrifos-methyl, penconazole, tebuconazole and tolylfluanid dropped during the pre-harvest interval. Detectable residues of pyridaben, thiacloprid, trifloxystrobin and tetraconazole in harvested fruits were below 0.01 mg kg(-1), which is the maximum concentration of residues acceptable by baby-food producers in any raw material. The only residues exceeding this concentration were captan and teflubenzuron. Based on the data, farmers can choose pesticides for optimal treatment of plants, while enabling growth of a safe crop suitable for baby-food production.
Jana Ticha; Jana Hajslova; Tomas Kovalczuk; Martin Jech; Jiri Honzicek; Vladimir Kocourek; Miroslav Lansky; Jana Kloutvorova; Vladan Falta
Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Food additives and contaminants     Volume:  24     ISSN:  0265-203X     ISO Abbreviation:  Food Addit Contam     Publication Date:  2007 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-09     Completed Date:  2007-10-01     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8500474     Medline TA:  Food Addit Contam     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  605-20     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Food Chemistry and Analysis, Institute of Chemical Technology, Technicka 3, Prague 6, Czech Republic.
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MeSH Terms
Chromatography, Liquid / methods
Food Analysis / methods
Food Contamination / analysis*,  prevention & control
Fruit / chemistry,  standards
Gas Chromatography-Mass Spectrometry / methods
Infant Food / standards*
Malus / chemistry*
Pesticide Residues / analysis*
Pesticides / standards
Tandem Mass Spectrometry / methods
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Pesticide Residues; 0/Pesticides

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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