Document Detail

Sacral ratio and fecal continence in children with anorectal malformations.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15476529     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the sacral ratio (SR) in patients with an anorectal malformation (ARM) and verify whether it has predictive value for fecal continence. PATIENT AND METHODS: From January 1990 to April 2002, 42 patients (aged 3-14 years) with an ARM and having already been operated on were reassessed and enrolled in the study. Patients with solid or paste-like stools but no soiling were deemed continent, those with similar stool and episodes of soiling partially continent, and those with no sphincter control, incontinent. The fecal continence was always analysed by the same observer. Sacral radiographic images were reviewed and the SR calculated from anteroposterior and images in the lateral position. All images were obtained before surgery and analysed by the same observer, while a third analysed the results. Results were considered statistically significant at P < 0.001. RESULTS: Seventeen patients were deemed continent, seven partially continent and 18 incontinent; there was no significant difference in SR among the three groups. When fecal continence was analysed in relation to changes in the findings on computed tomography of the lumbosacral spine, patients with sacral agenesis had a significantly higher frequency of fecal incontinence than the others, and all had a SR below 'normal'. CONCLUSION: Although the SR was different in patients with sacral agenesis it was no different in continent, partially continent or incontinent patients, and thus it is of no practical value in identifying patients likely to have fecal incontinence.
Mauricio Macedo; José L Martins; Luiz G Freitas Filho
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  BJU international     Volume:  94     ISSN:  1464-4096     ISO Abbreviation:  BJU Int.     Publication Date:  2004 Oct 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2004-10-12     Completed Date:  2004-11-22     Revised Date:  2006-07-18    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  100886721     Medline TA:  BJU Int     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  893-4     Citation Subset:  IM    
Departments of Paediatric Surgery, Hospital Infantil Darcy Vargas, São Paulo, Brazil.
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MeSH Terms
Anal Canal / abnormalities
Child, Preschool
Fecal Incontinence / pathology*
Rectum / abnormalities*
Sacrum / pathology*
Comment In:
BJU Int. 2005 Apr;95(6):909   [PMID:  15794813 ]

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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