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SRC kinase family inhibitor PP2 promotes DMSO-induced cardiac differentiation of P19 cells and inhibits proliferation.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22575628     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: It has been reported recently that PP2, a Src family kinase inhibitor, promotes selective cardiogenesis in embryonic stem cells. However, there is no other research proved pro-cardiogenic characteristic of PP2 so far. In this study, we explored the potential cardiogenic effect of PP2 on P19 cells differentiation. METHODS: P19-αMHC-EGFP cell line was established by transfecting P19 cells with αMHC-EGFP vector in order to evaluate cardiogenesis with EGFP. P19-αMHC-EGFP cells and P19 cells were induced to differentiate into cardiomyocytes with 1%DMSO, 5μmol/L PP2, or both 1%DMSO and 5μmol/L PP2. Differentiated cells from P19-αMHC-EGFP cells were then assessed under confocal microscope. Western-blot and RT-PCR were also performed to detect expression of cardiac troponin I and cardiac transcription factors respectively. In addition, the effects of PP2 on proliferation of P19 cells were further examined using Cell Counting Kit-8. RESULTS: EGFP positive cells were firstly detected on day 7 and PP2 alone cannot induce efficient cardiac differentiation of P19-αMHC-EGFP cells. However PP2 supplementation dramatically increases DMSO induced cardiac differentiation than DMSO alone. It was also found that PP2 inhibit proliferation of P19 cells in both a dose-dependent manner and a time-dependent manner. CONCLUSION: PP2 alone cannot substitute DMSO to induce cardiac differentiation, however, PP2 supplementation drastically promotes DMSO-induced cardiac differentiation of P19 cells. The increased percentages of differentiated cardiac myocytes is partly resulting from cell proliferative inhibit effect of PP2 in undifferentiated P19 cells. P19-αMHC-EGFP cell line has the potential to be used for regenerative therapies in experimental models of heart repair.
Jie Gong; Hai-Yong Gu; Xiao Wang; Yi Liang; Tao Sun; Pei-Jing Liu; Yi Wang; Jin-Chuan Yan; Zhi-Jun Jiao
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-5-8
Journal Detail:
Title:  International journal of cardiology     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1874-1754     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-5-11     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8200291     Medline TA:  Int J Cardiol     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 Elsevier Ireland Ltd. All rights reserved.
Division of Cardiology, Department of Medicine, The Affiliated Hospital of Jiangsu University, Zhenjiang, P. R. China 212001.
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