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The SNPs in the ACACA gene are effective on fatty acid composition in holstein milk.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22718502     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Fatty acid composition is an important economic trait for both dairy and beef cattle and controlled by genetic factors. Candidate genes controlling fatty acid composition may be found in fat synthesis and metabolism pathways. Acetyl-CoA carboxylase is the flux-determining enzyme in the regulation of fatty acid synthesis in animal tissues. One of two isozymes of this enzyme, acetyl-CoA carboxylase-α (ACACA), catalyses the first committed step of fatty acid synthesis in mammalian cytosol, leading to the biosynthesis of long-chain fatty acids. In the current study, the sequence comparison of the coding sequence (CDS) and two promoter regions (PIA and PIII) in bovine ACACA gene was performed between Japanese Black and Holstein cattle to detect nucleotide polymorphisms influencing fatty acid composition in milk and beef. Five single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) were identified in the CDS region, 28 SNPs in the PIA region and three SNPs in the PIII region. Association study revealed that CCT/CCT type of PIII_#1, #2/PIA_#26 indicated a higher percentage of C14:0 in the milk of the Holstein cattle than CCT/GTC type (p = 0.050) and that a difference of the percentage of C16:0 was observed between CCT/CCT and GTC/GTC type (p = 0.023). CDS_#2 T/T type indicated a higher percentage of C18:0 than T/C type (p = 0.008). In addition, the Japanese Black cattle with CC/GT type of PIII_#1, #2 showed a higher percentage of C18:2 in the meat than those with GT/GT type (p = 0.025). Since PIII is the promoter specific to mammary gland during lactation, the altered expression of the ACACA gene owing to the SNPs in the PIII region may influence the fatty acid composition in the milk.
Authors:
Hirokazu Matsumoto; Kenta Sasaki; Takuya Bessho; Eiji Kobayashi; Tsuyoshi Abe; Shinji Sasazaki; Kenji Oyama; Hideyuki Mannen
Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-6-21
Journal Detail:
Title:  Molecular biology reports     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1573-4978     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Jun 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-6-21     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  0403234     Medline TA:  Mol Biol Rep     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
Laboratory of Animal Breeding and Genetics, Graduate School of Agricultural Science, Kobe University, Kobe, 657-8501, Japan.
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