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SKOV-3 cell imaging by paramagnetic particles labeled with hairpin cell-penetrating peptides.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  21362318     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
BACKGROUND: The hairpin cell-penetrating peptides (hCPPs) demonstrate an interesting characteristic of conditioned activation by molecules. We hypothesized that hCPPs have the potential to selectively deliver a paramagnetic gadolinium probe into the matrix metalloproteinase 2 (MMP-2) positive human ovary adenocarcinoma cell lines, SKOV-3.
METHODS: hCPPs were synthesized and labeled with 1,4,7,10-tetraazacyclododecane-N,N',N'',N''' tetraacetic acid gadolinium (III) (Gd-DOTA) and fluorescein isothiocyanate (FITC) by f-moc strategy using a standard solid phase peptide synthesis protocol. MMP-2 expression and activity were demonstrated by reverse transcriptase polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR) and zymography. Internalization and location of hCPPs in SKOV-3 cells were observed by fluorescein imaging and flow cytometery. Selective delivery of Gd-DOTA in SKOV-3 cells was observed by magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM).
RESULTS: The uptake of hCPPs by SKOV-3 cells depended on the activity of MMP-2. T1WI signals of SKOV-3 cells treated with Gd-DOTA-hCPPs suggested the uptake of Gd-DOTA-hCPPs increased in a time- (r = 0.990, P < 0.01) and concentration-dependent manner (r = 0.964, P < 0.001), but was inhibited by a MMP-2 inhibitor. Electron-dense particles observed in the cytoplasm and nucleus by transmission electron microscopy proved the intracellular penetration of gadolinium.
CONCLUSIONS: hCPPs can be used as an effective vector for an MRI molecular probe to assess the activity of MMP-2.
Authors:
Xiao-Hui Zhai; Min Liu; Xiao-Juan Guo; Si-Cen Wang; Hong-Xia Zhang; You-Min Guo
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chinese medical journal     Volume:  124     ISSN:  0366-6999     ISO Abbreviation:  Chin. Med. J.     Publication Date:  2011 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-03-02     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7513795     Medline TA:  Chin Med J (Engl)     Country:  China    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  111-7     Citation Subset:  IM    
Affiliation:
Imaging Center, the First Affiliated Hospital of Medical School, Xi'an Jiao Tong University, Xi'an 710004, Shannxi, China.
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