Document Detail

SKAP2, a novel target of HSF4b, associates with NCK2/F-actin at membrane ruffles and regulates actin reorganization in lens cell.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20219016     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
In addition to roles in stress response, heat shock factors (HSFs) play crucial roles in differentiation and development. Heat shock transcription factor 4 (HSF4) deficiency leads to defect in lens epithelial cell (LEC) differentiation and cataract formation. However, the mechanism remains obscure. Here, we identified Src kinase-associated phosphoprotein 2 (SKAP2) as a downstream target of HSF4b and it was highly expressed at the anterior tip of lens elongating fibre cells in vivo. The HSF4-deficient lenses showed reduced SKAP2 expression and defects in actin reorganization. The disassembly of stress fibres and formation of cortical actin fibres are critical for the initiation of LEC differentiation. SKAP2 localized at actin-rich ruffles in human LECs (SRA01/04 cells) and knockdown SKAP2 using RNA interference impaired the disassembly of cellular stress fibres in response to fibroblast growth factor (FGF)-b. Overexpression of SKAP2, but not the N-terminal deletion mutant of SKAP2, induced the actin remodelling. We further found that SKAP2 interacted with the SH2 domain of non-catalytic region of tyrosine kinase adaptor protein 2 (NCK2) via its N-terminus. The complex of SKAP2-NCK2-F-actin accumulated at the leading edge of the lamellipodium, where FGF receptors and focal adhesion were also recruited. These results revealed an essential role for HSF4-mediated SKAP2 expression in the regulation of actin reorganization during lens differentiation, likely through a mechanism that SKAP2 anchors the complex of NCK2/focal adhesion to FGF receptors at the lamellipodium in lens epithelial cells.
Li Zhou; Zhenguo Zhang; Yufang Zheng; Yufei Zhu; Zejun Wei; Heng Xu; Quan Tang; Xiangyin Kong; Landian Hu
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cellular and molecular medicine     Volume:  15     ISSN:  1582-4934     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cell. Mol. Med.     Publication Date:  2011 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2011-05-06     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  101083777     Medline TA:  J Cell Mol Med     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  783-95     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
© 2011 The Authors Journal of Cellular and Molecular Medicine © 2011 Foundation for Cellular and Molecular Medicine/Blackwell Publishing Ltd.
The Key Laboratory of Stem Cell Biology, Institute of Health Sciences, Shanghai Institutes for Biological Sciences (SIBS), Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) & Shanghai Jiao Tong University School of Medicine (SJTUSM), Shanghai, People's Republic of China.
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