Document Detail

SHPS-1 and a synthetic peptide representing its ITIM inhibit the MyD88, but not TRIF, pathway of TLR signaling through activation of SHP and PI3K in THP-1 cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23314616     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
BACKGROUND: Src homology 2 domain-containing protein tyrosine phosphatase substrate (SHPS)-1 is known to have regulatory effects on myeloid cells. However, its role in macrophage activation is not clearly understood. METHODS AND RESULTS: In order to investigate the role of SHPS-1 in Toll-like receptor (TLR)-mediated activation, human monocytic cell lines were treated with anti-SHPS-1 monoclonal antibody. The triggering of SHPS-1 blocked the expression of IL-8 and TNF-α in cells treated with a TLR4 ligand that induces a signaling pathway involving myeloid differentiation factor 88 (MyD88) and Toll-interleukin-1 receptor (TIR)-domain-containing adapter-inducing interferon-β (TRIF). Interestingly, SHPS-1 inhibited TLR9/MyD88-mediated, but not TLR3/TRIF-mediated, expression of IL-8. Accordingly, a synthetic peptide representing the immunoreceptor tyrosine-based inhibition motif (ITIM) of SHPS-1 suppressed only the MyD88 pathway. Utilization of specific inhibitors and Western blot analysis indicated that the inhibitory effects were mediated by Src homology 2 domain-containing phosphatases (SHPs) and phosphoinositide 3-kinase (PI3K). CONCLUSION: SHPS-1 negatively regulates the MyD88-dependent TLR signaling pathway through the inhibition of NF-κB activation.
Eun-Ju Kim; Kyoungho Suk; Won-Ha Lee
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2013-1-12
Journal Detail:
Title:  Inflammation research : official journal of the European Histamine Research Society ... [et al.]     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1420-908X     ISO Abbreviation:  Inflamm. Res.     Publication Date:  2013 Jan 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2013-1-14     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9508160     Medline TA:  Inflamm Res     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
School of Life Sciences and Biotechnology, Kyungpook National University, Daegu, 702-701, Korea.
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