Document Detail


S100A6 (calcyclin) deficiency induces senescence-like changes in cell cycle, morphology and functional characteristics of mouse NIH 3T3 fibroblasts.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  20013795     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
S100A6 (calcyclin) is a calcium binding protein with two EF-hand structures expressed mostly in fibroblasts and epithelial cells. We have established a NIH 3T3 fibroblast cell line stably transfected with siRNA against S100A6 to examine the effect of S100A6 deficiency on non-transformed cell physiology. We found that NIH 3T3 fibroblasts with decreased level of S100A6 manifested altered cell morphology and proliferated at a much slower pace than the control cells. Cell cycle analysis showed that a large population of these cells lost the ability to respond to serum and persisted in the G0/G1 phase. Furthermore, fibroblasts with diminished S100A6 level exhibited morphological changes and biochemical features of cellular senescence as revealed by beta-galactosidase and gelatinase assays. Also, S100A6 deficiency induced changes in the actin cytoskeleton and had a profound impact on cell adhesion and migration. Thus, we have shown that the S100A6 protein is involved in multiple aspects of fibroblast physiology and that its presence ensures normal fibroblast proliferation and function.
Authors:
Lukasz P S?omnicki; Wies?awa Le?niak
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of cellular biochemistry     Volume:  109     ISSN:  1097-4644     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Cell. Biochem.     Publication Date:  2010 Feb 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2010-01-26     Completed Date:  2010-05-19     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8205768     Medline TA:  J Cell Biochem     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  576-84     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
(c) 2009 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
Affiliation:
Department of Molecular and Cellular Neurobiology, Nencki Institute of Experimental Biology, 3 Pasteur St, 02-093 Warsaw, Poland.
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MeSH Terms
Descriptor/Qualifier:
Animals
Cell Adhesion
Cell Aging*
Cell Cycle / genetics*
Cell Cycle Proteins / genetics*,  metabolism
Cytoskeleton / metabolism
Fibroblasts / cytology*,  metabolism
Mice
NIH 3T3 Cells
S100 Proteins / deficiency,  genetics*,  metabolism
Chemical
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Cell Cycle Proteins; 0/S100 Proteins; 0/S100a6 protein, mouse

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