Document Detail

S-layer-mediated display of the immunoglobulin G-binding domain of streptococcal protein G on the surface of Caulobacter crescentus: development of an immunoactive reagent.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  17384306     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
The immunoglobulin G (IgG)-binding streptococcal protein G is often used for immunoprecipitation or immunoadsorption-based assays, as it exhibits binding to a broader spectrum of host species IgG and IgG subclasses than the alternative, Staphylococcus aureus protein A. Caulobacter crescentus produces a hexagonally arranged paracrystalline protein surface layer (S-layer) composed of a single secreted protein, RsaA, that is notably tolerant of heterologous peptide insertions while maintaining the surface-attached crystalline character. Here, a protein G IgG-binding domain, GB1, was expressed as an insertion into full-length RsaA on the cell surface to produce densely packed immunoreactive particles. GB1 insertions at five separate sites were expressed, and all bound rabbit and goat IgG, but expression levels were reduced compared to those of wild-type RsaA and poor binding to mouse IgG was noted. To remedy this, we used the 20-amino-acid Muc1 peptide derived from human mucins as a spacer, since insertions of multiple tandem repeats were well tolerated for RsaA secretion and assembly. This strategy worked remarkably well, and recombinant RsaA proteins, containing up to three GB1 domains, surrounded by Muc1 peptides, not only were secreted and assembled but did so at wild-type levels. The ability to bind IgG (including mouse IgG) increased as GB1 units were added, and those with three GB1 domains bound twice as much rabbit IgG per cell as S. aureus cells (Pansorbin). The ability of recombinant protein G-Caulobacter cells to function as immunoactive reagents was assessed in an immunoprecipitation assay using a FLAG-tagged protein and anti-FLAG mouse monoclonal antibody; their performance was comparable to that of protein G-Sepharose beads. This work demonstrates the potential for using cells expressing recombinant RsaA/GB1 in immunoassays, especially considering that protein G-Caulobacter cells are more cost-effective than protein G beads and exhibit a broader species and IgG isotype binding range than protein A.
John F Nomellini; Gillian Duncan; Irene R Dorocicz; John Smit
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't     Date:  2007-03-23
Journal Detail:
Title:  Applied and environmental microbiology     Volume:  73     ISSN:  0099-2240     ISO Abbreviation:  Appl. Environ. Microbiol.     Publication Date:  2007 May 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2007-05-14     Completed Date:  2007-10-26     Revised Date:  2010-09-15    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  7605801     Medline TA:  Appl Environ Microbiol     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  3245-53     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Microbiology and Immunology, 2509-2350 Health Sciences Mall, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC, Canada V6T 1Z3.
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MeSH Terms
Antigens, Surface / genetics,  metabolism
Bacterial Proteins / chemistry,  genetics,  immunology*,  metabolism*
Caulobacter crescentus / genetics,  metabolism*
Gene Expression
Immunoglobulin G / metabolism
Membrane Glycoproteins / genetics,  metabolism*
Microscopy, Immunoelectron
Mucin-1 / genetics
Peptide Fragments / genetics
Protein Binding
Recombinant Fusion Proteins / biosynthesis,  genetics
Reg. No./Substance:
0/Antigens, Surface; 0/Bacterial Proteins; 0/IgG Fc-binding protein, Streptococcus; 0/Immunoglobulin G; 0/MUC1 tandem repeat peptide; 0/Membrane Glycoproteins; 0/Mucin-1; 0/Peptide Fragments; 0/Recombinant Fusion Proteins; 0/S-layer proteins

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