Document Detail

Russian system of countermeasures on board of the International Space Station (ISS): the first results.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  15806738     Owner:  NASA     Status:  MEDLINE    
The system of countermeasures used by Russian cosmonauts in space flights on board of International Space Station (ISS) was based on the developed and tested in flights on board of Russian space stations. It included as primary components: physical methods aimed to maintain the distribution of fluids at levels close to those experienced on Earth; physical exercises and loading suits aimed to load the musculoskeletal and the cardiovascular systems; measures that prevent the loss of fluids, mainly, water-salt additives which aid to maintain orthostatic tolerance and endurance to gravitational overloads during the return to Earth; well-balanced diet and medications directed to correct possible negative reactions of the body to weightlessness. Fulfillment of countermeasure's protocols inflight was thoroughly controlled. Efficacy of countermeasures used were assessed both in- and postflight. The results of studies showed that degrees of alterations recorded in different physiological systems after ISS space flights in Russian cosmonauts were significantly higher than those recorded after flights on the Russian space stations. This phenomenon was caused by the failure of the ISS crews to execute fully the prescribed countermeasures' protocols which was as a rule excused by technical imperfectness of exercise facilities, treadmill TVIS particularly.
Inessa B Kozlovskaya; Anatoly I Grigoriev
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta astronautica     Volume:  55     ISSN:  0094-5765     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Astronaut     Publication Date:    2004 Aug-Nov
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2005-04-04     Completed Date:  2005-07-07     Revised Date:  2008-11-21    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9890631     Medline TA:  Acta Astronaut     Country:  England    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  233-7     Citation Subset:  S    
Copyright Information:
c2004 Published by Elsevier Ltd.
State Scientific Center-Institute for Biomedical Problems (IBMP) of Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow, Russia.
Space Flight Mission:
Flight Experiment; ISS Project; long duration; manned
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MeSH Terms
Aerospace Medicine
Bone and Bones / physiology
Cardiovascular Physiological Phenomena
Exercise Therapy
Fluid Shifts
Lower Body Negative Pressure
Muscle, Skeletal / physiology
Space Flight*
Weightlessness / adverse effects*
Weightlessness Countermeasures*

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