Document Detail

Rupture of the airways from blunt trauma: treatment of complex injuries.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  1610239     Owner:  NLM     Status:  MEDLINE    
Tracheobronchial rupture from blunt trauma is usually single and transverse but may be longitudinal or complex, a combination of various sites and forms of rupture. From 1970 to 1990, 183 cases of rupture of the airways were reported in the literature: 136 (74%) transverse, 33 (18%) longitudinal, and 14 (8%) complex. During the same 20 years at Grady Memorial Hospital, 6 patients with such injuries were treated. One had complex injury consisting of rupture of the distal trachea and both main bronchi, 1 had a longitudinal tracheal rupture and rupture of the innominate artery, and 4 had a transverse rupture, 1 of whom also had a traumatic false aneurysm of the left pulmonary artery. Cardiopulmonary bypass was used only for the repair of the complex injury, whereas the repair of the left main bronchial rupture associated with a false aneurysm of the left pulmonary artery was done with standby cardiopulmonary bypass. All 6 patients had satisfactory results from the correction of their lesions except 1 child in whom stenosis developed at the rupture site. This study suggests that complex injuries are rarely seen, and their repair is often quite involved. In some of these cases, the use of cardiopulmonary bypass increases the margin of safety during operation and may encourage repair rather than resection of the affected lung.
P N Symbas; A G Justicz; R R Ricketts
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Case Reports; Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  The Annals of thoracic surgery     Volume:  54     ISSN:  0003-4975     ISO Abbreviation:  Ann. Thorac. Surg.     Publication Date:  1992 Jul 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  1992-07-21     Completed Date:  1992-07-21     Revised Date:  2004-11-17    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  15030100R     Medline TA:  Ann Thorac Surg     Country:  UNITED STATES    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  177-83     Citation Subset:  AIM; IM    
Department of Surgery, Emory University School of Medicine, Atlanta, Georgia.
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MeSH Terms
Aneurysm / surgery
Brachiocephalic Trunk / injuries
Bronchi / injuries*
Cardiopulmonary Bypass*
Child, Preschool
Middle Aged
Pulmonary Artery / surgery
Trachea / injuries*
Wounds, Nonpenetrating / surgery*

From MEDLINE®/PubMed®, a database of the U.S. National Library of Medicine

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