Document Detail

Rumex L. species induce apoptosis in 1301, EOL-1 and H-9 cell lines.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22594263     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Process    
The Rumex L. (dock) species for many centuries have been used in medical treatment, through their adstringent, spasmolitic or cholagogic action. In the present study, the in vitro screening of cytotoxic activities of ethanol extract from roots, leaves and fruits of six Rumex species: R. acetosa L., R. acetosella L., R. confertus Willd., R. crispus L., R. hydrolapathum Huds. and R. obtusifolius L. were performed. We found remarkable cytotoxic activities on leukemic 1301 and EOL-1 cell lines and T cell line at concentration dependent manners. Cytotoxic activity was determined in two ways: trypan blue test and annexin-V FITC and propidium iodide assay. Received IC50 values of investigated extracts on 1301, EOL-1 and H-9 cell lines ranged from 0.22, 0.17 and 0.04 to 2.56, 1.91 and 1.83 mg/mL, respectively. Analysis of morphological changes demonstrated that the extract exerted cell-death via apoptosis. The overall activities of Rumex species support the traditional use of the extract from the fruits of R. confertus, R. crispus, R. hydrolapathum and R. obtusifolius in the treatment of cancer.
Magdalena Wegiera; Helena D Smolarz; Anna Bogucka-Kocka
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article; Research Support, Non-U.S. Gov't    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Acta poloniae pharmaceutica     Volume:  69     ISSN:  0001-6837     ISO Abbreviation:  Acta Pol Pharm     Publication Date:    2012 May-Jun
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-05-18     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985167R     Medline TA:  Acta Pol Pharm     Country:  Poland    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  487-99     Citation Subset:  IM    
Department of Pharmaceutical Botany, Medical University, Chodźki 1, 20-093 Lublin, Poland.
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