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Rumen and milk odd- and branched-chain fatty acid proportions are minimally influenced by ruminal volatile fatty acid infusions.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22459847     Owner:  NLM     Status:  In-Data-Review    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
The objective of this study was to determine if ruminally infusing volatile fatty acid (VFA) increased concentration of their homologous odd- and branched-chain fatty acid (OBCFA) in rumen contents and milk. The influence of VFA on dry matter intake (DMI), blood metabolites, and blood insulin was also evaluated. Four mid-lactation cows were assigned to a 4×4 Latin square design with 48-h periods. Infusion treatments were acetate (AC), propionate (PR), isovalerate (IV), and anteisovalerate (AIV). Infusions began (time = 0) 5.5h before feeding at 17.4mmol of VFA/min and were terminated at 18h. Infusions rates were well above physiological levels for IV and AIV. Surprisingly, the greatest differences in rumen OBCFA were increases in rumen liquid iso C15:0 and nonbranched C17:0 for AIV. In addition, infusing AIV increased anteiso C15:0 and anteiso C17:0 in rumen solid contents. Infusing IV increased iso C15:0 in both rumen solids and milk. Propionate increased milk C15:0 and C17:0. Both gluconeogenic compounds, PR and AIV, had similar proportions of milk C15:0, which was greater than that obtained with AC and IV. Rumen and blood VFA were as expected, with increased concentrations of the VFA present in the infusate. At 23h, and consistently throughout infusions, DMI was similar for AC compared with PR and for AIV compared with IV. Both IV and AIV decreased DMI and energy balance; however, only IV increased plasma nonesterified fatty acids (121, 78, 172, and 102mM for AC, AIV, IV, and PR), increased β-hydroxybutyrate (10.8, 5.9, 51.9, 5.4mg/dL for AC, AIV, IV, and PR), and reduced plasma glucose (56.3, 59.1, 31.9, and 64.3mg/dL for AC, AIV, IV, and PR). Rumen and milk OBCFA responses were minimal following infusion of large amounts of IV and AIV, suggesting limited use of IV, and AIV for de novo OBCFA synthesis, either pre- or postabsorption. Minor increases in milk odd-chain fatty acids following large doses of ruminal PR support the presence of postabsorptive synthesis of these milk odd-chain fatty acids.
Authors:
E A French; S J Bertics; L E Armentano
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Publication Detail:
Type:  Journal Article    
Journal Detail:
Title:  Journal of dairy science     Volume:  95     ISSN:  1525-3198     ISO Abbreviation:  J. Dairy Sci.     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-03-30     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  2985126R     Medline TA:  J Dairy Sci     Country:  United States    
Other Details:
Languages:  eng     Pagination:  2015-26     Citation Subset:  IM    
Copyright Information:
Copyright © 2012 American Dairy Science Association. Published by Elsevier Inc. All rights reserved.
Affiliation:
Department of Dairy Science, University of Wisconsin-Madison, Madison 53706.
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