Document Detail

Routine sectioning of the C2 nerve root and ganglion for C1 lateral mass screw placement in children: surgical and functional outcomes.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  23014949     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
PURPOSE: Adult studies have shown that sectioning the C2 nerve root and ganglion may facilitate placement of C1 lateral mass screws and lead to decreased operative time and blood loss. We report the functional outcomes and complications following routine sectioning of the C2 nerve root and ganglion, which have not been reported in pediatric patients. METHODS: Fifteen consecutive pediatric patients underwent C1 lateral mass screw insertion and bilateral C2 nerve root and ganglion sectioning. Clinical and radiographic assessments were performed at follow-up. Numbness in the C2 distribution and/or occipital neuralgia, operative times, estimated blood loss (EBL), length of stay (LOS), and complications were recorded. RESULTS: Average follow-up time was 35.7 months. Overall mean operative time was 250.5 min, LOS was 8.46 days, and EBL was 337 cc. When considering only atlantoaxial fusions, mean operative time was 180.7 min and EBL was 97.1 cc. There were no intraoperative complications, and no patient reported new onset occipital neuralgia or numbness in the C2 distribution that would interfere with daily living. Of the patients, 93 % achieved Lenke fusion grade A; one achieved Lenke fusion grade B. CONCLUSIONS: Routine C2 nerve root sectioning and ganglionectomy enhanced surgical exposure of the C1 lateral mass and C1-2 facet joint, potentially maximizing fusion rate and minimizing intraoperative complications. This technique may yield favorable operative times, EBL, and LOS in children undergoing C1 lateral mass screw insertion without negatively affecting functional outcome.
Akash J Patel; Loyola V Gressot; Jerome Boatey; Steven W Hwang; Alison Brayton; Andrew Jea
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-9-27
Journal Detail:
Title:  Child's nervous system : ChNS : official journal of the International Society for Pediatric Neurosurgery     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1433-0350     ISO Abbreviation:  Childs Nerv Syst     Publication Date:  2012 Sep 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-9-27     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  8503227     Medline TA:  Childs Nerv Syst     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Neuro-Spine Program, Division of Pediatric Neurosurgery, Texas Children's Hospital, Department of Neurosurgery, Baylor College of Medicine, 6621 Fannin Street, CCC 1230.01, 12th Floor, Houston, TX, 77030, USA.
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