Document Detail


Routes to copper zinc tin sulfide Cu(2)ZnSnS(4) a potential material for solar cells.
MedLine Citation:
PMID:  22531115     Owner:  NLM     Status:  Publisher    
Abstract/OtherAbstract:
Power generation through photovoltaics (PV) has been growing at an average rate of 40% per year over the last decade; but has largely been fuelled by conventional Si-based technologies. Such cells involve expensive processing and many alternatives use either toxic, less-abundant and or expensive elements. Kesterite Cu(2)ZnSnS(4) (CZTS) has been identified as a solar energy material composed of both less toxic and more available elements. Power conversion efficiencies of 8.4% (vacuum processing) and 10.1% (non-vacuum processing) from cells constructed using CZTS have been achieved to date. In this article, we review various deposition methods for CZTS thin films and the synthesis of CZTS nanoparticles. Studies of direct relevance to solar cell applications are emphasised and characteristic properties are collated.
Authors:
Karthik Ramasamy; Mohammad A Malik; Paul O'Brien
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Publication Detail:
Type:  JOURNAL ARTICLE     Date:  2012-4-24
Journal Detail:
Title:  Chemical communications (Cambridge, England)     Volume:  -     ISSN:  1364-548X     ISO Abbreviation:  -     Publication Date:  2012 Apr 
Date Detail:
Created Date:  2012-4-25     Completed Date:  -     Revised Date:  -    
Medline Journal Info:
Nlm Unique ID:  9610838     Medline TA:  Chem Commun (Camb)     Country:  -    
Other Details:
Languages:  ENG     Pagination:  -     Citation Subset:  -    
Affiliation:
The Schools of Chemistry and Materials, The University of Manchester, Manchester, UK. paul.obrien@manchester.ac.uk.
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